JalFaizy Shaikh — Updated On November 25th, 2020
Beginner Education Interview Questions Interviews Machine Learning Profile Building


Learning data science can be intimidating. Especially so, when you are just starting your journey. Which tool to learn – R or Python? What techniques to focus on? How many statistics to learn? Do I need to learn to code? These are some of the many questions you need to answer as part of your journey.

That is why I thought that I would create this guide, which could help people starting in Analytics or Data Science. The idea was to create a simple, not very long guide that can set your path to learning data science. This guide would set a framework that can help you learn data science through this difficult and intimidating period.

Starting and navigating through the data science career can become a daunting challenge for beginners due to the abundance of resources. It is not rocket science, it is Data Science. What you need is proper guidance and a roadmap to become a successful data scientist.

AI & ML BlackBelt+ course is a thoughtfully curated program designed for anyone wanting to learn data science, machine learning, deep learning in their quest to become an AI professional. You’ll get access to 14+ courses, 25+ projects, and the best part – 1:1 mentorship sessions with experts!


1. Choose the right role

There are a lot of varied roles in the data science industry. A data visualization expert, a machine learning expert, a data scientist, data engineer, etc are a few of the many roles that you could go into. Depending on your background and your work experience, getting into one role would be easier than another role. For example, if you a software developer, it would not be difficult for you to shift into data engineering. So, until and unless you are clear about what you want to become, you will stay confused about the path to take and skills to hone.

What to do, if you are not clear about the differences or you are not sure what should you become? I few things which I would suggest are:

  • Talk to people in the industry to figure out what each of the roles entails
  • Take mentorship from people – request them for a small amount of time and ask relevant questions. I’m sure no one would refuse to help a person in need!
  • Figure out what you want and what you are good at and choose the role that suits your field of study.

To clear the confusion, here is a great resource to differentiate between business analyst, data scientist, and even data engineer –

A point to keep in mind when choosing a role: don’t just hastily jump on to a role. You should first understand clearly what the field requires and prepare for it.


2. Take up a Course and Complete it

Now that you have decided on a role, the next logical thing for you is to put in a dedicated effort to understand the role. This means not just going through the requirements of the role. The demand for data scientists is big so thousands of courses and studies are out there to hold your hand, you can learn whatever you want to. Finding material to learn from isn’t a hard call but learning it may become if you don’t put effort.

What you can do is take up a MOOC which is freely available, or join an accreditation program which should take you through all the twists and turns the role entails. The choice of free vs paid is not the issue, the main objective should be whether the course clears your basics and brings you to a suitable level, from which you can push on further.

When you take up a course, go through it actively. Follow the coursework, assignments, and all the discussions happening around the course. For example, if you want to be a machine learning engineer, you can take up Machine learning by Andrew Ng. Now you have to diligently follow all the course material provided in the course. This also means the assignments in the course, which are as important as going through the videos. Only doing a course end to end will give you a clearer picture of the field.

Analytics Vidhya has a range of free courses and paid courses. You can get started today –


3. Choose a Tool / Language and stick to it

As I mentioned before, it is important for you to get an end-to-end experience of whichever topic you pursue. A difficult question which one faces in getting hands-on is which language/tool should you choose?

This would probably be the most asked question by beginners. The most straightforward answer would be to choose any of the mainstream tools/languages there is and start your data science journey. After all, tools are just a means for implementation; but understanding the concept is more important.

Still, the question remains, which would be a better option to start with? There are various guides/discussions on the internet which address this particular query. The gist is that start with the simplest of language or the one with which you are most familiar. if you are not as well versed with coding, you should prefer GUI based tools for now. Then as you get a grasp on the concepts, you can get your hands-on with the coding part.

You can learn Python for Data Science here.


4. Join a peer group

Now that you know which role you want to opt for and are getting prepared for it, the next important thing for you to do would be to join a peer group. Why is this important? This is because a peer group keeps you motivated. Taking up a new field may seem a bit daunting when you do it alone, but when you have friends who are alongside you, the task seems a bit easier.

The most preferable way to be in a peer group is to have a group of people you can physically interact with.  Otherwise, you can either have a bunch of people over the internet who share similar goals, such as joining a Massive online course and interacting with the batch mates.

Even if you don’t have this kind of peer group, you can still have a meaningful technical discussion over the internet. There are online forums that give you this kind of environment. I will list a few of them:

  1. Analytics Vidhya
  2. StackExchange
  3. Reddit


5. Focus on practical applications and not just theory

While undergoing courses and training, you should focus on the practical applications of things you are learning. This would help you not only understand the concept but also give you a deeper sense of how it would be applied in reality.

A few tips you should do when following a course:

  • Make sure you do all the exercises and assignments to understand the applications.
  • Work on a few open data sets and apply your learning. Even if you don’t understand the math behind a technique initially, understand the assumptions, what it does, and how to interpret the results. You can always develop a deeper understanding at a later stage.
  • Take a look at the solutions by people who have worked in the field. They would be able to pinpoint you with the right approach faster.

The best way to build your machine learning profile is to participate in data science competitions and get a feel for data science projects. Analytics Vidhya’s DataHack platform offers you dozens of projects to chose from –

Are you looking for comprehensive projects that boost your resume game? Blackbelt + offers more than 25 comprehensive projects over the complete machine learning spectrum!


6. Follow the right resources

To never stop learning, you have to engulf each and every source of knowledge you can find. The most useful source of this information is blogs run by the most influential Data Scientists. These Data Scientists are really active and update the followers on their findings and frequently post about the recent advancement in this field.

Read about data science every day and make it a habit to be updated with the recent happenings. But there may be many resources, influential data scientists to follow, and you have to be sure that you don’t follow the incorrect practices. So it is very important to follow the right resources.

Here is a list of Data Scientists that you can follow.


7. Work on your Communication skills

People don’t usually associate communication skills with rejection in data science roles. They expect that if they are technically profound, they will ace the interview. This is actually a myth. Ever been rejected within an interview, where the interviewer said thank you after listening to your introduction?

Try this activity once; make your friend with good communication skills hear your intro and ask for honest feedback. He will definitely show you the mirror!

Communication skills are even more important when you are working in the field. To share your ideas with a colleague or to prove your point in a meeting, you should know how to communicate efficiently.


8. Network, but don’t waste too much time on it!

Initially, your entire focus should be on learning. Doing too many things at the initial stage will eventually bring you up to a point where you’ll give up.

Gradually, once you have got a hang of the field, you can go on to attend industry events and conferences, popular meetups in your area, participate in hackathons in your area – even if you know only a little. You never know who, when, and where will help you out!

Actually, a meetup is very advantageous when it comes down to making your mark in the data science community. You get to meet people in your area who work actively in the field, which provides you networking opportunities along with establishing a relationship with them will in turn help you advance your career heavily. A networking contact might:

  • Give you inside information of what’s happening in your field of interest
  • help you to have mentorship support
  • Help you search for a job, this would either be tips on job hunting through leads or possible employment opportunities directly.


9.  Basic Database knowledge and SQL is a must

Data doesn’t magically appear in the form of tables. Usually, beginners start their machine learning journey by using data in the form of CSV or an excel file. But something is definitely missing! It’s SQL. It is the most fundamental skill for a data science professional.

Knowledge of data storage techniques along with the basics of big data will make you much more favorable than a person which hi-fi words on the resume, it’s because organizations are still figuring their data science requirements.

These organizations want SQL professionals that can help them with their day-to-day tasks.

The Blackbelt + offers you the most comprehensive hands-on SQL course along with other courses. This course offers you abundant examples and projects. 🙂


10. Model Deployment is your secret sauce

Model Deployment is not even added in many beginner-level data science roadmap and this is a pathway to disaster.

Once you have made the complete data science project, it is time for the intended user/ stakeholder to reap the benefits of the predictive power of your machine learning model. In simple words, this is model deployment. This is one of the most important steps from a business point of view but also the least taught one.

Let us take an example here. An insurance company has initiated a data science project which uses Vehicle images from accidents to assess the extent of the damage. The data science team works day and night to develop a model that has a near-perfect F1 score. After months of hard work, they have the model ready and the stakeholders love its performance but what after that?

Remember that the end-user, in this case, are the insurance agents and this model needs to be used by multiple people at the same time who are NOT data scientists. Therefore they’ll not be running a Jupyter or Colab notebook on GPUs. This is where you need a complete process of model deployment.

This task is usually done by machine learning engineers but it varies according to the organization you are working in. Even if it is not the job requirement of your company, it is very important to know the basics of model deployment and why it is necessary.


11. Keeping up with your resume game

Let’s solve a riddle here – What’s the first thing that the recruiter experiences about you which may be your last? It’s your Resume! These are the ultimate obstacle that you must pass through to get the most coveted job!

Make sure that you include these pointers in your next resume –

  • Prioritize skills according to the job role offered
  • Mention data science projects to prove your skills
  • Don’t forget to mention your GitHub profile
  • Skills are more important than Certifications
  • Update your skills and projects side-by-side and not once in a blue moon.
  • Overall resume counts – make sure all your fonts and format are standard all along

Resumes and Interviews can be hard and requires an exhaustive preparation of each and every skill and project you mention in your resume. Get access to all the resume tips and tricks along with an endless number of interview questions as part of the Analytics Vidhya’s Blackbelt + program. The goal is not to help you become an industry-ready professional. 🙂


12. Guidance is essential

Coming to the final point which is perhaps the most crucial one – finding the right guidance. Data Science and machine learning, data engineering, and relatively a very new field and so are its alumni. There are only a few people who have decrypted their path in this field.

There are many ways to become a data scientist, the simplest one is to cough up lakhs of rupees for a recognized certification only to later get frustrated with the recorded videos or even follow along with a youtube playlist but you are still not an industry-ready professional.

Find a mentor who has navigated his career in the field of data science and ask them how they did it, what’s the best way for you to become a data scientist? What are the skills and projects are required for a particular job role?

The problem is – not everybody can get access to these expert mentors. That’s why Analytics Vidhya’s AI and ML BlackBelt+ course comes up with a 1:1 mentorship program where the mentors get in touch with you, build a customized learning path for your career needs! Certification is easy but finding the right guidance is not. Decide wisely.


End Notes

The demand for data science is huge and employers are investing significant time and money in Data Scientists. So taking the right steps will lead to exponential growth. This guide provides tips that can get you started and help you to avoid some costly mistakes.

If you went through a similar experience in the past and want to share this with the community, do comments below!

About the Author

JalFaizy Shaikh
JalFaizy Shaikh

Faizan is a Data Science enthusiast and a Deep learning rookie. A recent Comp. Sc. undergrad, he aims to utilize his skills to push the boundaries of AI research.

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25 thoughts on "12 Essential Tips for People starting a Career in Data Science"

Arihant Jain
Arihant Jain says: October 13, 2017 at 10:22 am
Nice Article Faizan !! Keep Writing Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: October 13, 2017 at 12:07 pm
Thanks Arihant Reply
Param says: October 13, 2017 at 2:04 pm
Finding the right MOOC is also very important. Each one has a different style. I went through this journey and lost many days enrolling into theory based course. Later I jumped into another course, which was like marketing a specific product from a specific company. I then found another course which is good and continuing there. But this is surely not sufficient. A long way to go. I initially lost interest due to the first 2 courses I attended. But my interest in Analytics did not sleep. I continued my search and it is going on, though with some breaks in between due to work schedule. but I am motivated to complete. Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: October 13, 2017 at 3:06 pm
Agreed! Reply
Yogi says: October 13, 2017 at 3:52 pm
Nice Write up Faizen! Kudos to the good work. In addition to the courses mentioned. We can also do following course in edx to get a good grip of basics of statistics using R. 1) Foundation of Data Analysis (Part 1 & 2) by University of Texas. As you told there are many tools in Data Science market, we have to pick one tool and stick to it to keep our focus. otherwise, we lost! Thanks for the suggestions. Reply
Naman says: October 13, 2017 at 4:40 pm
I am in final year of computer science engineering and I want to pursue career in data science. Is it good to start with "data science course by Johns Hopkins " through coursera? How do I learn practical knowledge? Pls guide me Reply
Ravinder Singh Gandhi
Ravinder Singh Gandhi says: October 13, 2017 at 5:14 pm
Param can you mention the MOOC which you found right for you.. I am also confused. Reply
Param says: October 13, 2017 at 8:59 pm
Hi Ravinder, I come from an SAP functional background. Zero coding experience. That is also be the reason I struggled in first 2 courses. Later I started to learn some basics through HTML and Javascript learning in W3 schools. I then found Kunal's "Programming foundations with Python" in Udacity. This is a great course for those without Programming knowledge. Finally the MOOC I was referring (and found good for me) in my above comment was "Python for Data Science and Machine Learning Bootcamp" in Udemy. Reply
Mrinal says: October 14, 2017 at 10:12 am
1.Is it a beeper job? 2. What are the suitable roles for technical managers in this ecosystem? Reply
Pawan says: October 14, 2017 at 11:34 am
I have completed my graduation in business management, don't have any technical background. Guide me to start my career in data science. Thankyou. Reply
Mohd Sanad Zaki Rizvi
Mohd Sanad Zaki Rizvi says: October 15, 2017 at 2:11 pm
Some really good tips that can only be said by someone who has learned the same way. Thank you for listing them out together like this, will help many! Sanad :) Reply
Jennifer Horne
Jennifer Horne says: October 16, 2017 at 7:26 pm
Great and practical advice for people looking into an exciting and rapidly growing field. Thanks for the article! Reply
Catherine Shen
Catherine Shen says: October 16, 2017 at 11:41 pm
I do enjoy learning on the MOOC classes you recommended! Thanks for sharing ! Nice Article! Reply
Ramcharan says: October 24, 2017 at 5:17 pm
Thank you Faizan, these are really good tips. Reply
faizan fulara
faizan fulara says: October 27, 2017 at 11:48 am
Well written and very informative.....Thanks Faizan Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: October 27, 2017 at 7:34 pm
You are welcome! Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: October 27, 2017 at 7:37 pm
Are you looking for a career shift in data science? If yes, I would suggest you to go through this guide https://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2017/01/the-most-comprehensive-data-science-learning-plan-for-2017/ Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: October 27, 2017 at 7:43 pm
Hi Naman, you should try participating in hackathons or get a data science internship. Until you do hands-on, you wont learn "practical" knowledge Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: October 27, 2017 at 7:46 pm
Hi Mrinal, I'm not sure what you mean by "beeper" job, but I'm sure technical expertise is needed to be better at data science Reply
niravkumar says: November 03, 2017 at 4:54 pm
Hi Faizan can you suggest places where we can seach for data science internships"? thanks Reply
Peter says: November 16, 2017 at 12:00 pm
1. Data visualization 2. "path to data scientist" image 3. Python, R, Spark, Tableau I like that you put having a peer group as number four. Thanks Faizan for the article! Reply
Faizan Shaikh
Faizan Shaikh says: November 16, 2017 at 4:41 pm
Well you can just type for "data science internships" on google! Reply
Anurag Ujjainkar
Anurag Ujjainkar says: November 18, 2017 at 6:52 am
Hii Faizan I am a 8 year old mechanical engineer ,5 year old Sales Marketing Engineer & 27 in total age. I have born in Data Sciences recently ,like I cannot speak in this world language(on data sciences). Fortunately I can read & learn,the article you wrote makes me feel like I am listening/reading to a mid aged mentor,it gives wonderful insights. I intend to be an employable data scientist soon, taken up "Learning R text book by Richard Cotton",started some free online tutorials. Your article is wonderful.Keep doing the good job. I would be happy if like minded people going cross functional would contact me,so we build a learning platform. I am present on LinkedIn with the name Anurag Ujjainkar. Reply
Anurag Ujjainkar
Anurag Ujjainkar says: November 18, 2017 at 6:58 am
Hii Param ,I dont know how interacting at Analytics Vidhya works if you/moderators are able to read my feedback . I would be happy to connect with you. Lets see if it works out. Reply
Arunima Garg
Arunima Garg says: December 05, 2017 at 10:12 am
Hi Can you please suggest few courses which are free to get into data science career.I know java,sql and R prog.But please suggest a proper course where knowledge to use them practically fr data science is provided Reply

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