How to Deploy Machine Learning models in Azure Cloud with the help of Python and Flask?

6 min read


As a Machine learning engineer or a Data scientist, it is important to show your work to the intended public without any hassle. Although you might have created a very good model for the predictive analysis, if you fail to demonstrate the work that you have created to the public then your hard work is of no use. A person should be able to get the desired output when he/she is using your ML model for their purpose. Giving a bunch of codes to a naive person is an act of foolish and you don’t want to be one.

So, there should be a way out so that you get to display your work to the public. The answer to this problem is the deployment of your work in the form of web apps. This helps in displaying your work to the public and not getting deep down into the backend of the same. Once you deploy the code successfully then there is no need to access the backend and people can get their desired outcome by inputting values in the front end.

For deploying the Machine learning model we will be concentrating the things centered on Python programming language and the deployment tools for this will be Flask and Microsoft Azure. The main purpose is to create a web application that will run 24×7 hosted on a cloud-based server. So, without further wasting of time let’s start:

Note: Here we will be using the famous Iris flower dataset and we will be storing our work on Github and deploy the same to Azure via Github.

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.

Creating an ML model

The first and foremost thing to do is to create a Machine learning model with the name and then pickling the model in the local system using either Pickle or Joblib. So let’s see how to create a simple Machine learning model of the Iris flower dataset using Support Vector Machine Classification:

#importing the necessary libraries

from pyforest import *
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from sklearn.svm import SVC
import joblib
from sklearn.datasets import load_iris
#getting our X and y to feed it into the ML model

X= df.drop("target, axis=1)

#splitting the dataset into train and test

X_train,X_test,y_train,y_test= train_test_split(X,y, test_size=0.2, random_state=42)

#loading the SVC model by creating an object of the class

model= SVC()

#training the model,y_train)

#making predictions
y_pred= model.predict(X_test)

#pickling the model
joblib.dump(model, "model.pkl")
c= [2,3,3,4]
from_jb= joblib.load("model.pkl")

Creating Flask App

After creating the file and pickling the same the next step is to create a Flask web app with the name and to create this we need to follow the below-mentioned steps. Also, note that the, model.pkl, and should be present in the same directory of the computer. The reason for selecting Flask is that it is a very light web framework that helps in creating web apps with minimal lines of code.

Although there are many frameworks for Python for creating web apps like Django, Web2py, Grok, TurboGears, etc, still Flask helps us in creating apps with less involvement of time and also is a good tool for beginners who want to learn building web applications. Also, the framework depends completely on Python for coding related stuff rather than relying on other dependent tools. To learn the insights of this amazing library one must have good knowledge related to Python, a bit of HTML and CSS, and a Database management system if any kind of data-related work is involved. So, if you have the knowledge of these three things then you are ready to code in Flask.

#importing the necessary libraries for deployment

from flask import Flask, request, jsonify, render_template
import joblib
from pyforest import *

#naming our app as app
app= Flask(__name__)

#loading the pickle file for creating the web app
model= joblib.load(open("model.pkl", "rb"))

#defining the different pages of html and specifying the features required to be filled in the html form

def home():

return render_template("index.html")

#creating a function for the prediction model by specifying the parameters and feeding it to the ML model

@app.route("/predict", methods=["POST"])
def predict():

#specifying our parameters as data type float

int_features= [float(x) for x in request.form.values()]

final_features= [np.array(int_features)]

prediction= model.predict(final_features)

output= round(prediction[0], 2)

return render_template("index.html", prediction_text= "flower is {}".format(output))

#running the flask app

if __name__= "__main__"

Note: Please note that use any IDE of your choice say Sublime, VS Code, Atom, Spyder, etc. But, don’t use any IPython notebook for creating the web app because these notebooks do not support Flask. Flask only supports .py files and not .ipynb files.

Creating the Frontend through HTML

Now, the next step is to create an HTML file as mentioned earlier that it is a prerequisite for creating a web app in Flask with the name index.html contained within folder templates under the same directory. To view this file just follow the below link:


The HTML form details are in the following link:

The HTML form we have created is a very simple one that contains only the feature names that are present in the dataset and the prediction output that we want the form to display. There is a primary button which when clicked gives the desired output. You can add various colors and background images also as per your desire to make the form more beautiful.

Once the 3 files are created the last step is to create a requirements.txt file that will contain all the necessary library details being used in the prediction. To create this we will be using Command Prompt and pipreqs library. Just open CMD under the same directory and type

pipreqs your path of the files

Once done your requirements.txt file is ready. Now you just need to upload the necessary files in Github under a fresh repository containing a file, .gitignore file, and a license file. Upload your, model.pkl, requirements.txt, and templates folder with index.html to the repository.

Note: If you don’t have certain libraries that are being used here then you can download the same using your Command Prompt or Anaconda Prompt with the help of pip.

pip install name of the library

Wait for the installation to finish. Once the installation finishes then you are good to go.

Deployment to Azure Cloud

Follow these steps to deploy Azure cloud:

Azure Portal Setup

To initiate the deployment process on Azure, start by accessing Log in with your Microsoft account or create a new account if needed. The following steps guide you through deploying a Flask app from GitHub.

  1. Create a Web App Resource:
    • Navigate to the extreme left-hand side and select “Create a resource.”
    • Choose “Web App” from the options.
  2. Subscription and Resource Group:
    • Ensure your subscription is the free version.
    • Create a new Resource Group with a unique name.

App Configuration

Configure the details of your Flask app within the Azure portal.

  1. Specify App Details:
    • Provide a name for your app.
    • Choose between “Code” for raw code deployment or “Docker” for containerized apps.
    • Select the Python runtime version used in your project.
  2. Region and SKU Selection:
    • Choose a specific region for deployment.
    • Opt for the free F1 version from the SKU and size options.

Review and Create

Finalize the configuration and prepare for deployment.

  1. Review Configuration:
    • Click on “Review and Create” to proceed.
  2. Deployment Center Setup:
    • After creating the web app, navigate to “Go to Resource” and then “Deployment Center.”

GitHub Deployment

Connect your GitHub repository for seamless deployment.

  1. GitHub Integration:
    • Choose the GitHub option in Deployment Center and click “Continue.”
  2. App Service Build Service:
    • Select “App Service Build Service” and proceed with “Continue.”
  3. Repository Selection:
    • Choose your repository name and click “Continue,” then “Finish.”

Deployment Completion

Monitor the progress and access your deployed app.

  1. Deployment Progress:
    • Congratulations, your deployment is in progress.
    • Once completed, view your app by clicking on the “Overview” section and accessing the generated link.

Explore your deployed Flask app at


So, this is how one can deploy any Machine learning and Deep learning app very easily to Azure and can share his/her work globally. Go try it yourself and create wonders.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How do you deploy an ML model using Flask in Azure?

A. Deploying an ML model with Flask on Azure involves creating a Flask web service, creating an Azure App Service, and configuring deployment settings using tools like Azure CLI.

Q2. How do I deploy Flask API on Azure?

A. Deploying a Flask API on Azure typically involves creating an Azure App Service, preparing the Flask application, and configuring deployment settings through Azure’s deployment options or CI/CD pipelines.

Q3. What is the best deployment for Flask?

A. The best deployment for Flask depends on project requirements. Options include deploying on cloud platforms like Azure or AWS, using containerization with Docker, or utilizing serverless computing for scalability.

Q4. How do I deploy the Flask application to the cloud?

A. Deploying a Flask application to the cloud involves choosing a cloud platform (e.g., Azure, AWS, Google Cloud), creating a virtual machine or an App Service, and configuring the deployment settings based on the chosen platform.

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Frequently Asked Questions

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Responses From Readers


david kiplangat
david kiplangat 17 Apr, 2021

Hallow analysts , this is very impressive. Iit took me just minutes and i already understand the process. That was great. If you can make a video article, it will greatly appreciated.