GTX vs RTX: Which is Better for Data Science Applications?

Nitika Sharma 21 Sep, 2023 • 4 min read

Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) have become indispensable tools in the field of data science. They accelerate complex computations and enable data scientists to train machine learning models faster. When it comes to choosing the right GPU for data science tasks, two prominent lines of NVIDIA GPUs stand out: the GTX and RTX series. In this article, we will delve into the GTX vs RTX debate and explore which GPU is better suited for various data science applications.

What is the GTX?

The GTX series has long been known for its prowess in gaming, offering excellent performance for graphical tasks. These GPUs, however, were not initially designed with data science in mind. Nevertheless, they can still be valuable for certain data science applications.

Compute Performance

GTX GPUs generally have respectable compute performance, thanks to their CUDA cores. CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) is a parallel computing platform and application programming interface created by NVIDIA. It allows developers to utilize the GPU’s processing power for a wide range of tasks, including data science computations.

VRAM Limitations

One limitation of GTX GPUs is their VRAM (Video Random Access Memory). Data science often involves working with large datasets and complex models that demand substantial VRAM. GTX cards typically offer less VRAM compared to their RTX counterparts. This limitation can be a hindrance when dealing with memory-intensive tasks.

Price-Performance Ratio

For budget-conscious data scientists, GTX GPUs can offer a compelling price-performance ratio. Since they are primarily marketed towards gamers, they are often competitively priced and may provide good value for certain data science workloads.


As GTX GPUs are somewhat older in terms of technology, they might have limitations when it comes to driver support for the latest software libraries used in data science. However, for many standard data science tasks, this may not pose a significant problem.

Also Read: CPU vs GPU: Why GPUs are More Suited for Deep Learning?

What is RTX?

The RTX series, on the other hand, represents NVIDIA’s latest and most advanced line of GPUs. These GPUs were designed not only for gaming but also with an emphasis on AI and machine learning workloads. Here’s why RTX GPUs are gaining favor among data scientists:

Enhanced Compute Performance

RTX GPUs often feature more CUDA cores and Tensor cores compared to GTX GPUs. Tensor cores, in particular, are essential for accelerating AI and deep learning tasks. They perform mixed-precision matrix multiplication, significantly speeding up training times for large neural networks.

Generous VRAM Options

When working with large datasets or complex models, having ample VRAM is crucial. RTX GPUs typically offer larger VRAM options, making them more suitable for memory-intensive data science tasks.

Price-Performance Considerations

While RTX GPUs tend to be more expensive than GTX GPUs, their superior compute capabilities can justify the higher price tag, especially for data scientists who rely heavily on GPU acceleration for their work.

Improved Compatibility

RTX GPUs benefit from ongoing support and driver updates, ensuring compatibility with the latest software libraries and frameworks used in data science. This compatibility can save valuable time and effort for data scientists.

Ray Tracing and Gaming

One unique feature of RTX GPUs is their dedicated hardware for ray tracing, a rendering technique that significantly enhances the realism of lighting and shadows in video games. While this feature is not directly relevant to data science, it underscores the versatility of RTX GPUs.


Key DifferencesGTXRTX
ArchitectureThe GTX cards are based on Pascal and Turing Architecture.The  RTX cards are based on Ampere and advanced Turing Architecture. 
Ray TracingNo Ray Tracing Hardware-accelerated Ray Tracing. 
Tensor CoresThe GTX GPUs do not feature Tensor CoresRTX GPUs have NVIDIA Tensor Cores, which enable AI skills.
DLSSGTX does not feature DLSSRTX features DLSS that uses AI to transform low-resolution to high-resolution images, improving the overall gaming experience. 
Power EfficiencyLow power GPUsHeavy Power GPUs
Pricing and Market SegmentationThe low-cost options for the GTX card start from $100 and may go up to $300.  The prices for RTX cards start from $300 for the older models and can range up to $1000.

Use Cases for GTX and RTX GPUs in Data Science

To determine which GPU is better for your data science needs, it’s essential to consider your specific use cases:

Machine Learning and Deep Learning

For tasks involving machine learning and deep learning, RTX GPUs are generally the superior choice. Their additional Tensor cores and larger VRAM options make them ideal for training and running AI models, especially deep neural networks.

Data Preprocessing and Analysis

If your work primarily involves data preprocessing, analysis, and visualization, a GTX GPU may suffice. These tasks are generally less compute-intensive and may not require the advanced capabilities of an RTX GPU.

Budget Constraints

If you are on a tight budget, a mid-range or older GTX GPU can be an attractive option. While it may not offer the same performance as a high-end RTX GPU, it can still accelerate many data science tasks effectively.


For data scientists who want to future-proof their systems and ensure compatibility with upcoming AI and machine learning advancements, investing in an RTX GPU is a wise choice. These GPUs are more likely to remain relevant and capable for longer periods.


In the GTX vs RTX debate for data science, the choice ultimately depends on your specific needs and budget. While GTX GPUs can provide decent performance for certain data science tasks, RTX GPUs are better equipped to handle the demands of modern AI and deep learning workloads. Their enhanced compute capabilities, larger VRAM options, and improved compatibility make them the preferred choice for many data scientists. However, if budget constraints are a significant concern, a GTX GPU can still be a viable option, offering a reasonable balance of price and performance.

In the rapidly evolving field of data science, it’s essential to stay informed about the latest GPU developments and consider how they align with your research and computational requirements. Whichever GPU you choose, it’s crucial to harness the power of these accelerators to unlock the full potential of your data science projects.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Is RTX better than GTX for machine learning?

A.Yes, RTX GPUs are generally better than GTX for machine learning due to their enhanced compute capabilities, Tensor cores, and larger VRAM, which accelerate training of deep learning models.

Q2. Is RTX good for data science?

A. Yes, RTX GPUs are excellent for data science, especially tasks involving AI, deep learning, and large datasets, thanks to their superior compute performance and ample VRAM.

Q3. Is GTX better than RTX?

A. Generally, RTX is better than GTX, especially for compute-intensive tasks like machine learning and data science. RTX GPUs offer improved performance and compatibility.

Q3. Is RTX 3050 enough for data science?

A. The RTX 3050 can handle many data science tasks but may be limited by its lower VRAM compared to higher-end RTX models. It’s suitable for entry-level data science work.

Nitika Sharma 21 Sep 2023

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