Top 12 Books For Data Science to Read in 2024

avcontentteam 24 Jan, 2024 • 7 min read

Introduction

The selection process for data scientists at Google places a higher priority on candidates with a robust background in statistics and mathematics. This emphasis on fundamental skills extends beyond Google; other leading companies worldwide, such as Amazon, Airbnb, and Uber, also favor candidates who possess a solid foundation in data science rather than just a surface-level knowledge. Building a strong foundation in statistics and mathematics is akin to laying the groundwork for a successful career in data science, and this is reflected in the preferences of these esteemed organizations. Whether aspiring to work at Google or other top companies, individuals looking to thrive in the field of data science would be well-served by focusing on these fundamental aspects, perhaps by exploring relevant books for data science to deepen their understanding and expertise.

More than just deriving accuracy, understanding & interpreting every metric, calculation behind that accuracy is important. Remember, every single ‘variable’ has a story to tell. So, if not anything else, try to become a great story explorer!

In this article, I’ve compiled a list of books for data science. These books mainly focus on statistics and math, which are important for understanding data science. I chose books that make it easy for you to connect with the world of data science. The idea is to help you grasp the basics and get comfortable with how math fits into the whole data science picture. Whether you’re just starting out or already know a bit, these books should make learning about data science more natural and enjoyable.

Note: Books which are made free to access by the registered authorities have been mentioned in this article. If not, a link to amazon bookstore is provided.

books for data science

Books For Data Science

21Introduction to Statistical Learning

This is a highly recommended book for practicing data scientists. The focus of this books is kept on connecting statistics concept with machine learning. Hence, you’ll learn about all popular supervised and unsupervised machine learning algorithms. R users will get an advantage, since the practical aspects of algorithms have been demonstrated using R. In addition to theory, this book also lay emphasis on using ML algorithms in real life setting.

Available: Free Download

22Elements of Statistical Learning

This book is an advanced level of previous book. It is written by Trevor Hastie and Rob Tibshirani, Professors at Stanford University. Their first book ‘Introduction to Statistical Learning’ uncover the basics of statistics and machine learning. This book, will introduce you to higher level algorithms such as Neural Networks, Bagging & Boosting, Kernel methods etc. The algorithms have been implemented in R programming.

Available: Free Download

23Think Stats

The author of this book is Alien B Downey. It is based on perform statistical analysis practically in Python. Hence, make sure you’ve got some basic knowledge of Python before buying this book. It focuses entirely on understanding real life influence of statistics using popular case studies. Since, stats and math are closely connected, it also has dedicated chapters on topic like bayesian estimation.

Available: Buy from Amazon

24From Algorithms to Z Scores

Did you know the about crucial role of statistics in programming ? The author of this book is Norm Matloff, Professor, University of California. This book explains using probabilistic concepts and statistical measures in R. Again, a good practice source for R users. It teaches the art of dealing with probabilistic models and choosing the best one for final evaluation. It is a highly recommended book (specially for R users).

Available: Free Download

25Introduction to Bayesian Statistics

This is a highly recommended book for freshers in data science. The author of this book is William M Bolstad. It’s a must read for people who find mathematics boring. Having been written in a conversational style (rare to find math this way), this book is a great introductory resource on statistics. It begins with scientific methods of data gathering and end up delivering dedicated chapters on bayesian statistics.

Available: Free Download

26Discovering Statistics using R

This book is written by Andy Field, Jeremy Miles and Zoe Field. I would highly recommend this book to newbies in data science. To start with statistics, this book has a great content which goes in depth detail of its topics. Along with, the statistical concept are explained in conjunction with R which makes it even more useful. It offers a step by step understanding, with a parallel support of interesting practice examples.

Available: Buy on Amazon

27Introduction to Linear Algebra

This is one of the most recommended book on Linear Algebra. The author of this book is Gilbert Strang, Professor, MIT. Gilbert unique way of delivering knowledge would give you the intuition and excitement to move forward after every chapter. This book will help you to build a strong mathematical foundation for machine learning. It enlists all the necessary chapters such as vectors, linear equations, determinants, eigenvalues, matrix factorization etc in great depth.

Available: Buy on Amazon

28Matrix Computation

Matrix and Data frames are essential components of machine learning. The author of this book is Gene H Golub and Charles F Van Loan. This book provides a nice head start to students with concepts of matrix computations. The author covers most of the important topics such as gaussian elimination, matrix factorization, lancoz method, error analysis etc. Every chapter is supported by intuitive practice problems. The pseudo codes are available in Matlab.

Available: Free Download

29A Probabilistic Theory of Pattern Recognition

This is a complete resource to learn application of mathematics. This is a must read book for intermediate and advanced practitioners in machine learning. This book is written by Luc Devroye, Laszlo Gyorfi and Gabor Lugosi. It covers a wide range of topics varying from bayes error, linear discrimination to epsilon entropy & neural networks. It provides a convincing explanation to complex theorems with section wise practice problems.

Available: Free Download

30Introduction of Math of Neural Networks

If you have innate interest in learning about neural network, this should be your place to start. The author of this book is Jeff Heaton. The author has beautifully simplified the difficult concepts of neural networks. This book introduces you to basics of underlying maths in neural networks. It assumes reader has prior knowledge of algebra, calculus and programming. It demonstrates various mathematical tools which can be applied to neural networks.

Available: Buy on Amazon

31Advanced Engineering Mathematics

This is probably the most comprehensive book available on mathematics for machine learning users. The author of this book is Erwin Kreyszig. As a matter of fact, this book is highly recommended to college students as well. If you haven’t been good at maths till now, follow this book religiously and you should surely see significant improvements in your math understanding. Along with derivations & practice example, this book has dedicated sections of calculus, algebra, probability etc. Definitely, a must read book for all levels of practitioners in data science.

Available: Free Download

Cookbook on Probability and Statistics

This cookbook is must have in your digital bookshelf. This isn’t exactly a text book you’d discover, but a quick digital guide on mathematical equations. The author of this book is Matthias Vallentin. After you finish with essentials of mathematics, this book will help you connect various theorem and algorithm quickly with their formulae. It’s difficult to derive equations instantly, this book will help you to quickly navigate to your desired problem and solve.

Available: Free Download

Additional Resources

Bored of reading too much ? Here are is a list of highly recommended tutorials (video) / resources on mathematics and statistics. They are FREE to access.

  1. Complete Course on Linear Algebra by MIT
  2. Complete Course on Multivariable Calculus by MIT
  3. Statistical Learning by Stanford University
  4. Mathematics at Khan Academy
  5. Full Cheatsheet on Probability

Conclusion

The books listed in this article are selected on the basis of their reviews and depth of topics covered. This is not an exhaustive list of books. But, I found it’s almost too easy to get confused while deciding ‘from where to begin?’ In such situations, it is advisable to start with this list.

In this article, I’ve put together a list of really helpful books for data science about numbers and computer learning stuff. People often need to remember these things to be successful quickly. But there are better ways to do it. If you want to be good at data science for a long time, read books that help you understand and tell stories with numbers and math.

Have you read any of these books ? Which book on mathematics and statistics has helped you the most ? Please share your suggestions / reviews in the comments section below.

You want to apply your analytical skills and test your potential? Then participate in our Hackathons and compete with Top Data Scientists from all over the world.

avcontentteam 24 Jan 2024

Frequently Asked Questions

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Responses From Readers

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Kamal
Kamal 17 Feb, 2016

Wow! That's a long list of books. Hoping to thoroughly read one of these.

Dr.D.K.Samuel
Dr.D.K.Samuel 17 Feb, 2016

Dear Manish Saraswat, thanks for a nice list. i have downloaded all, now I have to learn, understand and do (my progress is one cm a day!)

Koushik
Koushik 17 Feb, 2016

Is there any ebook in the internet ?

Emanuel Woiski
Emanuel Woiski 17 Feb, 2016

Nice list! Allow me to add some more resources: 1- Find all Think Stats material (not just the 2nd edition of the book) from https://github.com/AllenDowney/ThinkStats2 . 2- Allen has also written Think Bayes, material accessible in https://github.com/AllenDowney/ThinkBayes. 2- Follow Chen's 16+ Free Data Science Books in http://www.wzchen.com/data-science-books/ Regards woiski

Henry
Henry 17 Feb, 2016

Wonderful starting point for someone that wants to be a data science, thanks for the list!

Johnny
Johnny 17 Feb, 2016

Thank you again! Now, to learn how to use statistics and math to peruse through such a long list of books and get out of them what I am longing to find - albeit, the things I do not even know yet exist :-)

Olumide Michael Oyalola
Olumide Michael Oyalola 17 Feb, 2016

Hi Manish, thanks for sharing...

Prof Vadlamani Ravi
Prof Vadlamani Ravi 17 Feb, 2016

Great! It is a useful and memorable service to the DS community. I ask my students to download them. Thanks to Emanuel too. Bests

Highspirits
Highspirits 18 Feb, 2016

Awesome!! I was trying to find the best place to start exploring Statistics for Data Science. Thanks a lot for the pointers!!

Steve Rokette
Steve Rokette 26 Feb, 2016

Thanks a lot!

Debarpita
Debarpita 29 Feb, 2016

Hi, The list of books are really helpful. Can you have a post on complete path to learn (or rather brush up) all the maths / stats / probability from scratch. I have too much material and resources now, but don't know where to start from and how to progress. Thanks

Javier Alonso
Javier Alonso 29 Feb, 2016

Thanks a lot for the references. They are a must read, and most of them Free! For those trying to learn about it's a great help...

Peter
Peter 01 Mar, 2016

Wow. You have really compiled a list of useful books. Super! I had read think stats but the others were gems! Super, gonna read into more math, now. I also own a copy of Discovering Statistics using R. It is really a nice book. Thank you for the list. Best, Peter

Ravi
Ravi 18 Mar, 2016

Hi All, I am much interested in Big data Programme and its implemented in my organization. Seek to learn this upcoming technology. As I have almost 3.6 years exp as database developer and much interest in data related works. . But my background qualification is B.A general then 3 years Diploma in (Software engineering) , Microsoft certification in .Net Development. But moving forward i heard that the programme is covered only for who have engineering degree, Mathematics, Economics, Statics. Hence pl humble request to all pl suggest on same as future perspective. Thanks , Ravi

Yash
Yash 27 Mar, 2016

Hi, I wanted to ask you a few questions. Can I message u personally?

Suresh
Suresh 31 Mar, 2016

Hi, This is Suresh, I have completed B.sc Zoology and passed out 2006. Now I am working in BPO sector. Now I want to change my domain so I selected for Business analytics course. Please suggest me, I am eligible for this course and can I get the job also. If I want to this course what I need too do? Please advise me. I went and asked one of the Analytics Institute they told me, I am not eligible for this course and suppose if I complete the course No one take it for Business analytics jobs they told me like that.

Madhav
Madhav 03 May, 2016

Awesome list, Manish. The first two books on statistical learning are goldmines of knowledge. The book by Devroye et al looks extremely rigorous and challenging although it could be used by anyone with [really] strong mathematical foundations in real analysis, (measure theoretic) probability and related subjects. Thanks for recommending this book, it may probably be the next book on my "To-Study" list. Would you mind if I recommend a few foundations books so that people who wanna study these books have a good background?

sumendar
sumendar 08 May, 2016

Hi Manish, Nice collection, one more best book which i can suggest for data science newbies is "An introduction to Data Science" by Jeffrey Stanton, Syracuse University & Robert W. De Graaf. i hope we can learn basic Statistics and R programming at a time with this book.

Mohamed
Mohamed 14 Jun, 2016

thanks

Sudarshan Bala
Sudarshan Bala 20 Jun, 2016

Hi.. I'm a chartered accountant. All I have done is business maths and college level statistics. I aspire to become a data scientist. I need encouragement to take up this profession. First, I need to hone my quants skills! Are these books enough to secure a entry level job position, say an Analyst/Consultant in a top firm?

Somasundaram
Somasundaram 17 Sep, 2016

Hi Manish, Thanks for this useful info. I started reading "Introduction to Statistical Learning", which referred to "Elements of Statistical Learning" [ ESL] 21st page of ESL refers to a table of spam/email data. But i cannot understand what data it refers to, Can you pls guide me to infer that. I have seen the supporting data @http://web.stanford.edu/~hastie/ElemStatLearn/datasets/spam.info.txt [ which presents all the observations, average of each variables etc] But still i did not understand the table. Pls help me to understand this.PFB the table. "TABLE 1.1. Average percentage of words or characters in an email message equal to the indicated word or character. We have chosen the words and characters showing the largest difference between spam and email. george you your hp free hpl ! our re edu remove spam 0.00 2.26 1.38 0.02 0.52 0.01 0.51 0.51 0.13 0.01 0.28 email 1.27 1.27 0.44 0.90 0.07 0.43 0.11 0.18 0.42 0.29 0.01" Thanks, Somu.

Ratnadeep Bhattacharya
Ratnadeep Bhattacharya 19 Dec, 2016

I noticed that the Kreyszig book is mentioned which is a standard in engineering degrees at least in India. Another cheap option, and the books are extremely good, are from N. E. Piskunov. However, the coverage is a little tougher. Here are some other books (free) in case you want to dive into individual topics: Single and Multivariable Calculus https://www.whitman.edu/mathematics/multivariable/multivariable.pdf Linear Algebra https://www.math.ucdavis.edu/~linear/linear-guest.pdf Ordinary Differential Equations http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/~gerald/ftp/book-ode/ode.pdf Partial Differential Equations http://www.math.uni-leipzig.de/~miersemann/pdebook.pdf Complex Analysis http://math.sfsu.edu/beck/papers/complex.pdf Optimization/Numerical Optimization http://home.agh.edu.pl/~pba/pdfdoc/Numerical_Optimization.pdf Statistics http://math.arizona.edu/~jwatkins/statbook.pdf Bayesian Statistics http://stat.smmu.edu.cn/download/ebook/introduction%20to%20bayesian%20statistics.pdf Signals and Systems http://www.eng.ucy.ac.cy/cpitris/courses/ece623/notes/SignalsAndSystems.pdf I included a book on signals and systems because I think Fourier analysis is also very important in data science/machine learning. Some great courses are mentioned in: http://www.kdnuggets.com/2015/09/15-math-mooc-data-science.html/2

Abhinav
Abhinav 13 May, 2017

I am starting to read "An Introduction to Statistical Learning, with Applications in R" . Also using the video lecture mentioned in one of the comments above. Wishing myself all the best for the new beginning!!!

Adeniyi
Adeniyi 14 Jan, 2022

Thanks for sharing this list, i found it quite useful.

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