30+ Multiple Choice Questions on Python Syntax and Semantics

ayushi9821704 08 Feb, 2024 • 7 min read

Welcome to our Python Syntax and Semantics quiz! Python is a versatile programming language known for its simplicity and readability. Understanding its syntax and semantics is essential for writing efficient and error-free code. This quiz will test your knowledge of Python’s fundamental concepts, including variables, data types, control structures, and functions. Get ready to sharpen your skills and dive into the world of Python programming!

Python Syntax and Semantics

30+ MCQs on Python Syntax and Semantics

Q1. What does the print() function do in Python?

a) Takes user input

b) Outputs data to the console

c) Defines a variable

d) Performs arithmetic operations

Answer: b

Explanation: The print() function in Python is used to output data to the console.

Q2. Which symbol is used for comments in Python?

a) //

b) #

c) —

d) /* */

Answer: b

Explanation: In Python, developers use the “#” symbol for single-line comments.

Q3. What is the correct way to declare a variable in Python?

a) variable name = value

b) name = value

c) set name = value

d) declare name = value

Answer: b

Explanation: In Python, variables are declared by specifying the variable name followed by the assignment operator (=) and the value.

Q4. What does the len() function do in Python?

a) Returns the length of a string

b) Converts a string to uppercase

c) Checks if a value is equal to another value

d) Removes whitespace from a string

Answer: a

Explanation: The len() function in Python returns the length of a string or the number of items in a collection.

Q5. Which of the following is a valid Python string interpolation method?

a) String.format()

b) String.interpolate()

c) String.concat()

d) String.substitute()

Answer: a

Explanation: The .format() method is used for string interpolation in Python.

Q6. What is the correct syntax for defining a function in Python?

a) def my_function():

b) function my_function():

c) define my_function():

d) my_function def():

Answer: a

Explanation: In Python, functions are defined using the def keyword followed by the function name and parentheses.

Q7. Which keyword is used for conditional statements in Python?

a) while

b) for

c) if

d) switch

Answer: c

Explanation: The if keyword is used for conditional statements in Python.

Q8. What is the correct way to start a for loop in Python?

a) for i in range(10):

b) for i = 0; i < 10; i++:

c) foreach i in range(10):

d) loop i in range(10):

Answer: a

Explanation: The correct syntax for starting a for loop in Python is using the for keyword followed by a variable name, in, and an iterable.

Q9. How do you define a list in Python?

a) [1, 2, 3]

b) {1, 2, 3}

c) (1, 2, 3)

d) “1, 2, 3”

Answer: a

Explanation: Lists in Python are defined using square brackets [ ].

Q10. What is the output of the following code snippet?

x = 5
y = 2
print(x ** y)

a) 10

b) 25

c) 7

d) 52

Answer: b

Explanation: The ** operator in Python represents exponentiation. Therefore, the output will be 25.

Q11. Which of the following is the correct way to define a tuple in Python?

a) {1, 2, 3}

b) [1, 2, 3]

c) (1, 2, 3)

d) “1, 2, 3”

Answer: c

Explanation: Tuples in Python are defined using parentheses ( ).

Q12. What is the correct way to access the value of a dictionary in Python?

a) dictionary[key]

b) dictionary.value(key)

c) dictionary[key].value

d) dictionary.key

Answer: a

Explanation: In Python, dictionary values are accessed using square brackets [ ] with the key.

Q13. Which of the following is a valid Python comment?

a) /* This is a comment */

b) <!– This is a comment –>

c) # This is a comment

d) <!— This is a comment —>

Answer: c

Explanation: In Python, single-line comments are indicated using the # symbol.

Q14. What is the output of the following code snippet?

x = 10
if x > 5:
    print("x is greater than 5")
else:
    print("x is less than or equal to 5")

a) x is greater than 5

b) x is less than or equal to 5

c) x

d) 10

Answer: a

Explanation: The value of x is greater than 5, so the first print statement will be executed.

Q15. What is the correct way to check if a key exists in a dictionary in Python?

a) key in dictionary

b) dictionary.contains(key)

c) dictionary[key]

d) dictionary.get(key)

Answer: a

Explanation: The in operator is used to check if a key exists in a dictionary.

Q16. What is the output of the following code snippet?

x = "hello"
print(x.capitalize())

a) hello

b) Hello

c) HELLO

d) HEllo

Answer: b

Explanation: The capitalize() method capitalizes the first letter of a string.

Q17. What is the correct syntax for a while loop in Python?

a) while condition:

b) while (condition)

c) while (condition):

d) while condition

Answer: a

Explanation: In Python, while loops are defined using the while keyword followed by a condition and a colon.

Q18. Which keyword is used to exit from a loop in Python?

a) break

b) stop

c) exit

d) end

Answer: a

Explanation: The break keyword is used to exit from a loop prematurely in Python.

Q19. What is the correct way to define a set in Python?

a) {1, 2, 3}

b) [1, 2, 3]

c) (1, 2, 3)

d) “1, 2, 3”

Answer: a

Explanation: Sets in Python are defined using curly braces { }.

Q20. What is the correct way to define a dictionary in Python?

a) {1: “one”, 2: “two”, 3: “three”}

b) [1: “one”, 2: “two”, 3: “three”]

c) (1: “one”, 2: “two”, 3: “three”)

d) “1: ‘one’, 2: ‘two’, 3: ‘three'”

Answer: a

Explanation: Dictionaries in Python are defined using curly braces { } with key-value pairs separated by colons :.

Q21. Which of the following is a correct way to define a multi-line string in Python?

a) ‘This is a multi-line string.’

b) “This is a multi-line string.”

c) ”’This is a multi-line string.”’

d) “This is a multi-line string.”

Answer: c

Explanation: Triple quotes ''' ''' or """ """ are used to define multi-line strings in Python.

Q22. What is the output of the following code snippet?

x = "hello"
print(x.upper())

a) hello

b) Hello

c) HELLO

d) HEllo

Answer: c

Explanation: The upper() method converts all characters in a string to uppercase.

Q23. What is the correct way to access the last element of a list in Python?

a) list[last]

b) list[-1]

c) list.last()

d) list.end()

Answer: b

Explanation: In Python, negative indices are used to access elements from the end of a list.

Q24. Which of the following is the correct way to concatenate two lists in Python?

a) list1 + list2

b) list1.append(list2)

c) list1.extend(list2)

d) list1.concat(list2)

Answer: a

Explanation: The + operator is used for list concatenation in Python.

Q25. What is the correct syntax to open a file in Python for reading?

a) open(“file.txt”, “r”)

b) open(“file.txt”, “w”)

c) open(“file.txt”, “read”)

d) open(“file.txt”, “write”)

Answer: a

Explanation: To open a file in Python for reading, you use the ‘open()’ function with the mode parameter set to “r”.

Q26. Which of the following is the correct way to check if a key exists in a dictionary in Python?

a) key in dict

b) dict.contains(key)

c) dict.has_key(key)

d) dict[key]

Answer: a

Explanation: In Python, developers use the ‘in’ keyword to check if a key exists in a dictionary.

Q27. What does the ‘elif’ keyword signify in Python?

a) It is used for error handling.

b) It is short for “else if” and serves for conditional branching in Python.

c) It represents the end of a function definition.

d) It is used for declaring a new variable.

Answer: b

Explanation: ‘elif’ is short for “else if” and is used for conditional branching in Python.

Q28. What is the correct way to concatenate two strings in Python?

a) str1.concat(str2)

b) str1 + str2

c) str1 .append(str2)

d) concat(str1, str2)

Answer: b

Explanation: To concatenate two strings in Python, you can use the ‘+’ operator.

Q29. What is the correct syntax to define a function in Python?

a) def function_name():

b) function function_name():

c) define function_name():

d) func function_name():

Answer: a

Explanation: The correct syntax to define a function in Python starts with the ‘def’ keyword followed by the function name and parentheses.

Q30. Which of the following is a correct way to write a single-line if statement in Python?

a) if x == 5: print(“x is 5”)

b) if x == 5 then print(“x is 5”)

c) if x == 5 {print(“x is 5”)}

d) if x == 5; print(“x is 5”)

Answer: a

Explanation: In Python, a single-line if statement can be written without curly braces or semicolons.

Q31. What is the correct syntax to import a module named ‘example_module’ in Python?

a) include example_module

b) import example_module

c) require example_module

d) use example_module

Answer: b

Explanation: In Python, developers use the ‘import’ keyword to import modules.

Q32. What does the ‘pass’ keyword signify in Python?

a) It is used to halt the execution of a loop.

b) Developers use it to indicate the end of a function.

c) It executes a block of code only if a condition is true.

d) When executed, it performs a null operation, meaning it does nothing.

Answer: d

Explanation: The ‘pass’ keyword in Python is a null operation, meaning it does nothing when executed. In Python, developers use it as a placeholder where code is required syntactically but no action needs to be taken.

Q33. What is the correct syntax to define a class in Python?

a) class MyClass():

b) define MyClass():

c) class MyClass:

d) create MyClass():

Answer: c

Explanation: In Python, a class is defined using the ‘class’ keyword followed by the class name and a colon.

Q34. What is the correct way to convert a string to lowercase in Python?

a) str.lowercase()

b) str.lower()

c) str.to_lower()

d) str.casefold()

Answer: b

Explanation: In Python, developers use the ‘lower()’ method to convert a string to lowercase.

Congratulations on completing the Python Syntax and Semantics quiz! We hope you found the questions challenging and insightful. Remember, mastering Python’s syntax and semantics is crucial for becoming a proficient programmer. Whether you aced the quiz or encountered some challenges, use this experience to further enhance your understanding of Python. Keep practicing, exploring, and experimenting with Python, and you’ll continue to grow as a programmer. Keep coding and happy learning!

You can also enroll in out free Python Course Today!

Read our more articles related to MCQs in Python:

ayushi9821704 08 Feb 2024

Frequently Asked Questions

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit,

Responses From Readers

Clear

  • [tta_listen_btn class="listen"]