any() and all() in Python with Examples

Deepsandhya Shukla 01 Apr, 2024 • 3 min read


Mastering any() and all() functions in Python is essential for efficiently handling collections such as lists and tuples. These functions provide a swift means to assess whether elements within a collection satisfy specific conditions, leading to neater and more streamlined code. Leveraging these tools can greatly ease the decision-making process within your code by simplifying the evaluation of numerous items at once, thus diminishing complexity and improving the clarity of your code.

any and all

Applying the any() and all() Functions in Python

The any() follows a straightforward syntax: any(iterable) yields True if at least one element within the iterable is evaluated as true and False otherwise. Conversely, all() outputs True solely when every element of the iterable is true; if not, it results in False.

Let’s dive into some examples to understand better how these functions work:

Examples of any() Function

# Check if any element in the list is greater than 5
my_list = [1, 3, 7, 2]
result = any(x > 5 for x in my_list)
print(result)  # Output: True

Examples of all() Function

# Check if all elements in the list are even numbers
my_list = [2, 4, 6, 8]
result = all(x % 2 == 0 for x in my_list)
print(result)  # Output: True

Also read: What are Functions in Python and How to Create Them?

The Comparison: any() Vs. all() Functions

The main difference between any() and all() is their behavior when dealing with iterables. While any() returns True if at least one element satisfies the condition, all() requires all elements to meet the condition to return True.

Practical Applications of any() and all() Functions

Checking for Specific Attributes in a List of Dictionaries

Consider having a list of dictionaries, where each dictionary represents a distinct device in a network. These dictionaries detail aspects of each device, such as its name, type, and operational status. If you need to identify whether any device is active within this network, the any() function offers a streamlined method to carry out this verification efficiently.


# List of dictionaries representing devices in a network
network_devices = [
{'name': 'Router1', 'type': 'Router', 'status': 'inactive'},
{'name': 'Switch1', 'type': 'Switch', 'status': 'active'},
{'name': 'Firewall1', 'type': 'Firewall', 'status': 'inactive'},
{'name': 'Switch2', 'type': 'Switch', 'status': 'inactive'},
# Check if any device in the network is active
is_any_device_active = any(device['status'] == 'active' for device in network_devices)
print(is_any_device_active)  # Output: True

Checking Conditions in Iterables

# Check if all strings in a list have a length greater than 3
my_list = ['apple', 'banana', 'kiwi']
result = all(len(x) > 3 for x in my_list)
print(result)  # Output: True

Validating Inputs

# Validate user inputs for a password
password = "SecurePassword123"
is_valid = all([
    any(char.isupper() for char in password),
    any(char.isdigit() for char in password),
    len(password) >= 8
print(is_valid)  # Output: True

Also read: Functions 101 – Introduction to Functions in Python For Absolute Beginners

Performance Considerations and Best Practices

Regarding efficiency, any() and all() both exhibit a time complexity of O(n), with “n” representing the total number of elements within the iterable. To ensure code optimization, employing these functions with discretion and minimizing redundant iterations is crucial.

Optimizing Code with any() and all()

# Avoid unnecessary iterations by short-circuiting
# Correct demonstration of short-circuiting with any()
my_list = [1, 2, 3, 6, 7]
result = any(x > 5 for x in my_list)  # Short-circuits after x=6
print(result)  # Output: True


To wrap up, Python’s any() and all() functions are invaluable for streamlining and boosting the efficiency of your code. Gaining a grasp of their mechanics and appropriate applications can significantly improve both the clarity and effectiveness of your Python projects. Delve into various use cases to discover how these can transform and enrich your coding journey. 

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