Mastering Sentiment Analysis through Generative AI

guest_blog 23 Oct, 2023 • 7 min read


Sentiment analysis has revolutionized the way companies understand and respond to customer feedback. Customer sentiment analysis analyzes customer feedback, such as product reviews, chat transcripts, emails, and call center interactions, to categorize customers into happy, neutral, or unhappy. This categorization helps companies tailor their responses and strategies to enhance customer satisfaction. In this article, we’ll explore the fusion of sentiment analysis and Generative AI, shedding light on their transformative role in enhancing the capabilities of both fields.

Mastering Sentiment Analysis through Generative AI- A Deep Dive | DataHour by Biswajit Pal and Milind Kabariya

Learning Objectives:

  • Understand the transformative role of Generative AI in sentiment analysis and its impact on how companies interpret and respond to customer feedback.
  • Explore the critical components of Generative AI models and their data processing techniques, such as tokenization and data quality filtering.
  • Gain insights into the Generative AI project lifecycle, prompt engineering, and the configuration parameters for optimizing sentiment analysis.
  • Get practical tips for setting up a demo environment and creating an API key for GPT-3.5 Turbo.

The Role of Generative AI in Sentiment Analysis

In the age of e-commerce, customer feedback is more abundant and diverse than ever. Product and app reviews are common forms of customer feedback. However, these reviews can be in various languages, mixed with emojis, and sometimes even a blend of multiple languages, making standardization essential. Language translation is often used to convert diverse feedback into a common language for analysis.

Sentiment analysis of customer feedback

Generative AI models, like GPT-3.5, are pivotal in sentiment analysis. They are based on complex neural network architectures trained on massive datasets containing text from various sources, such as the internet, books, and web scraping. These models can convert text data into numeric form through tokenization, which is crucial for further processing.

Once tokenized, data quality filtering removes noise and irrelevant information. Interestingly, these models use only a small fraction of the original tokens, typically around 1-3%. The tokenized text is then converted into vectors to enable efficient mathematical operations within the neural network, such as matrix multiplications.

Generative AI models leverage a project lifecycle that involves defining the scope of the problem, selecting the appropriate base model (like GPT-3.5), and determining how to utilize this model for specific data. The lifecycle includes prompt engineering, fine-tuning, aligning with human feedback, model evaluation, optimization, deployment, scaling, and application integration.

Deep Dive into Generative AI Project Lifecycle

The generative AI project lifecycle consists of several crucial steps:

  1. Defining the Scope: The problem is broken down into subproblems, such as language translation, text summarization, and sentiment analysis.
  2. Selecting a Base Model: Choosing whether to work with an existing base language model or pre-train a custom model, which can be computationally expensive.
  3. Using the Base Model: Deciding how to leverage the base model for the specific data, often involving prompt engineering and fine-tuning.
  4. Aligning with Human Feedback: Incorporating human feedback to enhance model performance and accuracy.
  5. Model Evaluation: Assessing the model’s performance using various metrics.
  6. Optimization and Deployment: Fine-tuning and deploying the model into a production environment.
  7. Scaling and Augmentation: Expanding and integrating the model’s capabilities with existing applications.
Generative AI Project Lifecycle

Prompt Engineering and Fine-Tuning in Sentiment Analysis

Prompt engineering is a critical aspect of using generative AI for sentiment analysis. It involves providing instructions or prompts to the AI model to generate desired responses. There are three main types of prompt engineering:

  1. Zero-Shot Inference
  2. One-Shot Inference
  3. Few-Shot Inference

Fine-tuning is another essential step where the model’s weights are adjusted based on training data to improve its performance on specific tasks. It involves creating instruction datasets, splitting them into training, testing, and validation sets, and iteratively optimizing the model’s weights to minimize the loss function.

Fine-Tunning with Instruction Prompts | sentiment analysis of customer feedback

Configuration Parameters for Sentiment Analysis with Generative AI

Several configuration parameters can be tuned to optimize sentiment analysis with generative AI:

  • Maximum Number of Tokens: Determines the limit on the number of tokens generated by the model.
  • Temperature: Controls the skewness of the probability distribution, affecting the randomness of model responses.
  • Token Selection Method: Specifies how the final token is chosen, whether by greedy method, Top-K sampling, or Top-P sampling.

Configuring these parameters allows practitioners to fine-tune the model’s behavior and tailor it to specific use cases.

Demo Setup and API Key Creation

Before we jump into the technical details of sentiment analysis, let’s start with the basics – setting up a demo and creating an API key. To interact with the GPT-3.5 Turbo model, you’ll need an API key, and here’s how you can create one.

How to Create an API Key for GPT-3.5 Turbo

  1. Open the website.


  2. Sign up or log in.

    Click on “Get Started” to sign up for an account if you haven’t already.

  3. Create a new key.

    Once logged in, navigate to your profile settings and find the option to create a new API key.

  4. Embed or save the key.

    You can either embed the key directly into your code as [openai.api_key = ‘your_api_key_here’]
    or save it in a file for reference.

Now that you have your API key ready, let’s move on to the exciting part – in-context learning for sentiment analysis.

In-Context Learning for Sentiment Analysis

In-context learning is where GPT-3.5 Turbo truly shines. It allows for Zero-Shot, One-Shot, and Few-Shot inference, making it incredibly versatile. Let’s break down what each of these means:

  • Zero-Shot Inference: In this approach, you provide a prompt to the model like, “Understand the sentiment of the sentence for Amazon tablet purchase by the user and return the overall sentiment (positive, negative, Mixreviews).” The model uses its inherent knowledge to classify the sentiment.
  • One-Shot Inference: Here, you give the model one review for each sentiment category – positive, negative, and mixed. The model learns from these examples and can then classify an unknown review into one of these categories.
  • Few-Shot Inference: Similar to One-Shot, but you provide multiple examples for each sentiment category. This additional data helps the model make more informed classifications.

The key takeaway here is that in-context learning enhances the accuracy of sentiment analysis. It allows the model to understand nuances that might be missed with Zero-Shot inference alone.

Translation Challenges and Solutions

One common challenge in sentiment analysis is dealing with reviews in languages other than English. GPT-3.5 Turbo can help overcome this hurdle. You can convert reviews in different languages into English by providing a translation prompt. Once translated, the model can then analyze the sentiment effectively.

Accurately translating non-English text is crucial for an unbiased sentiment analysis result. GPT-3.5 Turbo can assist in making sense of reviews in various languages, ensuring you don’t miss valuable insights.

Handling Long Reviews and Parameter Impact

Long reviews can pose another challenge for sentiment analysis, as capturing the sentiment accurately from extensive text becomes difficult. However, GPT-3.5 Turbo can help summarize these lengthy reviews. When working with long reviews, consider the impact of parameters like the “temperature” setting.

  • Temperature 0: This setting results in a more deterministic, focused output. It tends to extract information directly from the review and summarize it faithfully.
  • Temperature 1: The output is slightly more creative and varied in this setting. It may generalize or paraphrase some information while maintaining the core sentiment.
  • Temperature 1.5: Higher temperatures make the output more random and creative. It might condense the review into a more generalized sentiment.

Experimenting with these temperature settings allows you to fine-tune the summarization process and achieve the desired level of detail in your sentiment analysis.


In conclusion, the fusion of sentiment analysis and Generative AI has revolutionized how companies understand and respond to customer feedback. We’ve delved into the vital role Generative AI models play in sentiment analysis, the intricacies of the Generative AI project lifecycle, prompt engineering, configuration parameters, and in-context learning. Additionally, we’ve explored how to overcome language barriers and handle lengthy reviews, fine-tuning the sentiment analysis process to perfection.

Key Takeaways:

  • When fused with Generative AI, Sentiment analysis transforms how companies interpret and respond to customer feedback.
  • Generative AI models, such as GPT-3.5, utilize complex neural networks, tokenization, and data quality filtering to improve sentiment analysis accuracy.
  • Prompt engineering, configuration parameters, and in-context learning enable companies to fine-tune sentiment analysis processes for optimal results and overcome language barriers and lengthy reviews.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How does Generative AI enhance sentiment analysis?

Ans. Generative AI models like GPT-3.5 leverage complex neural networks to process diverse customer feedback, converting it into numeric form and enhancing sentiment analysis accuracy.

Q2. What’s the key to using Generative AI effectively in sentiment analysis?

Ans. Prompt engineering, fine-tuning, and configuring parameters like the maximum number of tokens and temperature are essential for optimal results.

Q3. How does in-context learning improve sentiment analysis?

Ans. In-context learning, including Zero-Shot, One-Shot, and Few-Shot inference, enables the model to grasp nuanced sentiments, boosting accuracy in analyzing customer feedback.

About the Authors: Biswajit Pal and Milind Kabariya

Biswajit Pal

Biswajit is a Director of Data Engineering, Analytics, and Insight at Tata CLiQ, a leading e-commerce platform in India. He has over 17 years of experience delivering high-impact data science and data engineering solutions, product development, and consulting services across various domains and markets. He is a passionate AI practitioner and regularly shares his knowledge and insights on AI topics through keynote speeches, webinars, publications, and guest lectures.


Milind Kabariya

Milind is an experienced Data Engineer with a demonstrated history of working in the insurance and e-commerce industries. He is skilled in Big data, Amazon web services, and Python programming and is an alumnus of  IIIT Bangalore.


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guest_blog 23 Oct 2023

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