What is Non-Fungible Token (NFTs)?

Amey Band 03 Jul, 2022 • 6 min read

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.


What are NFTs?

The trend of NFTs is quickly taking over the digital art and collectible world. Digital artists’ lives are changing drastically because they are selling a lot of work to a new crypto-audience. And, when famous people find a new way to connect with their loyal fans, they jump on the bandwagon too. But digital art is not the only place where we use NFTs. In reality, they can be used to show ownership of any unique object, just like a deed for a piece of property in either the digital or physical world.

The problem has gotten worse since NFTs became popular. Picture of apes are making millions of dollars, and such NFT projects are always in the news. Recent events may have made you think about a very important question: what is an NFT?

Then, let’s start with the most important things.

What does NFT mean?


Source: https://news.bloomberglaw.com/ip-law/the-trendy-hot-nft-market-has-a-new-entrant-patents

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) show the people who own scarce resources. With their help, things like art, antiques, and even real estate can be “tokenized.” To stop double-spending or other types of fraud, the blockchain makes sure that at any given time, only one person can be the real owner.
“NFT” stands for “non-fungible token.” NFTs are digital assets on a blockchain that can stand apart by their unique information and identifiers. From an economic point of view, a piece of furniture, a music file, or even a computer might not be the same as something else. Because of their unique qualities, nothing can replace these things. Non-fungible tokens (NFT) are digital assets that can’t be traded for other things.

Because it is unique, the word NFT makes it clear that it can’t be changed or replaced in any way. Since they are both fungible, fiat currency and digital cryptocurrencies can be traded or swapped for each other. Because fungible tokens are interchangeable, they can be used as a way to do business.


At the beginning of March 2021, a set of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) created by the digital artist Beeple sold for more than $69 million. The transaction established a new standard and broke the previous mark for the most expensive piece of digital art ever to be purchased. Beeple’s first 5,000 days of work were collaged together to create the piece of art.


How does NFT work?

The blockchain technology that runs cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum makes it possible for NFTs to work. A blockchain is a group of computers that work together to keep a digital record of data. It is a completely decentralized system for keeping track of information that is almost impossible to hack or change on purpose.

How does NFT work?
Source: https://queue-it.com/blog/nfts-explained-for-business/
The non-fungible tokens change the way crypto works because each token is different and irreplaceable. People have said that tokens are like digital passports because each one has an unsharable unique identity. Similar to Bitcoin, NFTs save information to make it as easy as possible to find out who owns a token and to pass it to someone else. NFTs let owners share not only information but also things about the asset that is important to it.
Smart Contracts, that help in making NFTs also serve to decide the transfer rights and ownership of NFTs. When a new NFT is made, the process is called “minting,”. It is a process that involves running code that has been put into smart contracts that meet different standards, such as ERC-721. This information is put on the blockchain, which is used to keep track of the NFT. At a high level, the minting process is made up of the following steps, which are done in the given order:
  1. Making a new building block

  2. Verification of information
  3. Adding information to the distributed ledger (blockchain)

Depending on the NFT, the purchase may include copyright and license rights. When you buy a print from a limited edition, you don’t get the picture all to yourself. As the technology and ideas behind NFTs improve, they may be used more and more outside of the arts.

What is the use of NFTs?

1. Digital Content

In the modern world,  NFT s are used through Digital content.  NFTs are the driving force behind a “creator economy,” which lets content creators give their work’s ownership to the platforms they use to distribute it in exchange for money. This means that the people who make the content make more money.

2. Gaming Items

People who make video games have shown a lot of interest in NFTs. When players take part in NFTs, they stand to gain a lot. Most of the time, the most you can do in an online game is buy accessories for your character or “avatar.” You can get the money back that you spent on NFTs by selling them when you’re done with them.

3. Domain Names 

NFTs make the name of your domain shorter and easier to remember. This works the same way as a website’s domain name, making the IP address more valuable and easy to remember, often based on how long and relevant it is.

4. Physical Items

Tokenization that isn’t digital isn’t as advanced as digital tokenization. There are projects to tokenize real estate, one-of-a-kind fashion items, and other things. You can use ETH to buy a car or a house and get the deed as an NFT. As technology improves, it’s not hard to imagine a time when the cryptographic proof of ownership in your wallet opens the door to your car or house.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Why Are NFTs Becoming Popular?
Even though NFTs have been around since 2015, they are becoming more popular for a number of reasons right now. The first and most obvious thing is that most people like and accept cryptocurrencies and the blockchain infrastructures that support them. Fanaticism, the business of royalties, and the rules of scarcity all come together in a way that goes beyond what technology can do. Many people want to buy rare digital content that they can keep as an investment.
2. What Are Some Examples of Non-Fungible Tokens?
An item is digitally represented by Non-fungible tokens, whether it’s something that only exists online, like a piece of digital art, or something that exists in the real world, like a house. NFTs can be used to represent different kinds of assets, such as in-game items like avatars. Digital and non-digital collectibles, domain names, and event tickets, among other things, are represented by NFTs.
3. How Can I Buy NFTs?
There are a lot of NFT markets, such as OpenSea, SuperRare, Rarible, and Wazirx. To make a purchase, you need to have the minimum amount of Ether and other allowed cryptocurrencies in your wallet. Then you’re ready to go.
4. Are Non-Fungible Tokens Safe?
Most of the time, non-fungible tokens which work the same way as cryptocurrencies and use blockchain technology, are safe investments. One of the security risks of NFTs is that you could lose access to your non-fungible token if the platform that hosts it goes out of business. With a lost, stolen, or hacked wallet, or misuse of your private key by someone, you could lose all of the assets it contains.
5. What does the future hold for NFT?
NFT gives up-and-coming artists on social media more attention along with unique benefits and opportunities. Due to the growing popularity of non-fungible tokens (NFTs), people are now willing to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on them. NFT may become a more important part of the digital economy in the near future.


There’s no doubt that non-fungible tokens are a big step forward for e-commerce. Their benefits have also become strong selling points for a wide variety of customers. Even though non-fungible tokens seem to have a bright future, it is important to be aware of their limitations. Some of the problems with implementing NFTs comes from the fact that there aren’t any rules about them yet and that there isn’t a universally accepted, standard infrastructure to support them.

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Amey Band 03 Jul 2022

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