ML Model Predicts Insomnia With Considerable Accuracy

Yana Khare 14 Apr, 2023 • 3 min read
Insomnia and other sleep disorders can now be detected using ML models

Imagine a world where predicting a patient’s risk of developing insomnia or other sleep disorders becomes as simple as analyzing their demographic, lifestyle, and health data. Thanks to an innovative medical study, we can now use Machine Learning (ML) models to predict insomnia accurately. This remarkable technology can detect the risk of various sleep disorders, paving the way for more accurate diagnoses and personalized treatment plans.

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ML Model Predicting Insomnia and Sleep Disorder Risk

A study done by Samuel Y. Huang and Alexander A. Huang can now predict sleeping disorders using machine learning and help d design personalized treatment plans.

A recent study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE revealed that a machine learning model, XGBoost, could accurately predict a patient’s risk for sleep disorders using demographic and lifestyle data, physical exam results, and laboratory values. The researchers, Samuel Y. Huang from Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine and Alexander A. Huang from Northwestern Feinberg University School of Medicine successfully applied the model to analyze publicly available data on 7,929 patients who participated in the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

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Understanding Insomnia and Its Impact on Quality of Life

Insomnia is a prevalent sleep disorder affecting millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early. Insomnia can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, causing fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating during the day.

Impact of Insomnia and sleep disorders on patients' daily lives.

Traditional Diagnosis vs. Machine Learning

Traditionally, diagnosing insomnia has been a time-consuming and subjective process, with doctors relying on patients to self-report their symptoms. However, machine learning algorithms can predict sleep disorders from patient records with a high degree of accuracy, offering several advantages over traditional methods:

  1. Objectivity: Machine learning relies less on patient self-reporting, enabling doctors to make more accurate diagnoses and develop more effective treatment plans.
  2. Efficiency: Machine learning can analyze vast amounts of data quickly and accurately, reducing the time and cost of diagnosis.

Machine Learning: A Powerful Tool for Sleep Disorder Prediction

Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. In the context of predicting sleep disorders, machine learning algorithms are trained on extensive datasets of patient records. These contain various personal information such as age, sex, medical history, and sleep patterns. Once trained, the algorithm can analyze new patient records and predict sleep disorder likelihood based on the patterns it has learned from the training data. This innovative approach helps doctors make more accurate diagnoses and develop personalized treatment plans for their patients.

Machine learning models to revolutionize the diagnosis and treatment of insomnia.

Methodology: ML Model Analyzing Data for Insomnia & Sleep Disorder Risk

The data analyzed included 684 variables for each of the 7,929 patients. It also encompasses demographic, dietary, exercise, and mental health questionnaire responses and laboratory and physical exam information. The machine learning model identified 64 out of the 684 features as significant (P<0.0001) and used these in the XGBoost model. The model demonstrated an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.87, with a sensitivity of 0.77 and specificity of 0.77. The top-ranked features by cover included the Patient Health Questionnaire depression survey (PHQ-9), age, physician recommendation of exercise, weight, and waist circumference.

Our Say

Machine learning models have the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, such as insomnia. By analyzing vast amounts of patient data with high accuracy, these models can provide doctors with objective and efficient tools. These tools can be used to predict patients’ risk for sleep disorders. This approach offers several advantages over traditional methods. It also makes it easier for doctors to develop personalized treatment plans that improve their patient’s quality of life. As technology continues to advance, we can expect to see more innovative applications of machine learning in healthcare. These advancements could transform how we diagnose and treat a wide range of medical conditions.

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Yana Khare 14 Apr 2023

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