IBM and NASA Join Forces to Create Earth Science GPT: Decoding Our Planet’s Mysteries

K. C. Sabreena Basheer 14 Aug, 2023 • 3 min read

In an era where data reigns supreme, managing the staggering amount of information generated by NASA’s Earth science missions poses a colossal challenge. Enter a collaboration between IBM, HuggingFace, and NASA, culminating in the birth of an open-source geospatial foundation model. This innovation aims to empower researchers and enthusiasts alike to navigate the sea of data effortlessly. It also serves as the blueprint for a new wave of climate and Earth science AI applications.

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IBM, HuggingFace & NASA have created a GPT-based open-source geospatial foundation model to explore Earth Sciences & climate change using AI.

A Data-Driven Challenge: Taming the Data Deluge

The scale of NASA’s Earth science missions is astonishing. Projections show the possible creation of a quarter of a million terabytes of data by 2024 alone. The enormity of this data repository raises the need for ingenious solutions to manage and harness this wealth of information. To this end, a collaborative effort has been forged between tech giant IBM, AI platform HuggingFace, and the venerable NASA.

IBM’s Open-Source Geospatial Foundation Model

At its core, this alliance seeks to usher in a new era of understanding through AI-powered exploration. A remarkable open-source geospatial foundation model has emerged by leveraging the capabilities of IBM’s Watsonx.ai and harnessing a year’s worth of NASA’s Harmonized Landsat Sentinel-2 satellite data (HLS). The model, capable of exploring vast data archives, is the foundation for groundbreaking climate & Earth science AI applications.

Also Read: Falcon AI: The New Open Source Large Language Model

IBM, HuggingFace & NASA created a GPT-based open-source geospatial foundation model for climate research.

GPT-Inspired Prototype: NASA Pioneers Climate Exploration

The collaboration revolves around creating an AI prototype, drawing inspiration from the powerful capabilities of the GPT model. Designed to decode the intricate mysteries of our planet, this prototype promises to bring forth insights that could revolutionize how we perceive and address environmental challenges. The project integrates IBM’s foundation model efforts with NASA’s repository of Earth-satellite data. By doing so, it aims to amplify the impact of AI in accelerating critical areas like climate change research.

Also Read: NVIDIA’s AI to Save the Planet from Climate Change

Open-source geospatial foundation model | AI model | Earth Science GPT

Fine-Tuning for Enhanced Performance

The model’s improvement through fine-tuning is a remarkable feat achieved through collaboration. By honing the model’s capabilities with labeled data for tasks like flood and burn scar mapping, the team successfully elevated its performance by an impressive 15 percent compared to the existing state-of-the-art models. Moreover, this enhancement was achieved using only half the amount of data.

The Role of Open-Source Technologies in Shaping Our Planet’s Future

Sriram Raghavan, VP of IBM Research AI, emphasizes the pivotal role of open-source technologies in driving monumental discoveries, especially in the realm of climate change. He hails the synergy between IBM’s adaptable foundation model efforts, NASA’s invaluable satellite data repository, and HuggingFace’s leading open-source AI platform. This collaboration embodies the spirit of collaboration, poised to accelerate the development of solutions that will foster a more sustainable planet.

Also Read: Meta Open-Sources All their Promising Projects | Find Out Why

Our Say

The emergence of this open-source geospatial foundation model marks a monumental step towards unraveling the enigmatic tapestry of Earth science. It heralds an era where understanding our planet’s complex dynamics and addressing pressing challenges are within reach. As we embrace this new resource, we also embrace the promise of a better-informed future where technology, collaboration, and curiosity intersect to shape a world that thrives in harmony with nature.

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