Over the last 2 years, this is the most common query I receive from our readers:
Which data science / analytics training should I go for?
The query comes in varied shapes and size, but the inherent question is still the same.
I can empathize with people facing these questions – the number of tools, analytical techniques under application and trainings provider, all have increased many-fold in last few years. If the trends and projections are to be believed, this is probably just the start of a growth phase.
Let’s take an example, as a person switching from software industry, do you learn SAS or do you learn R? Or should you learn Big Data tools and techniques? How about machine learning? Data Visualization tools? Even if you zero in on one of these, the next question which arises is where and how to undergo these trainings?
I am sure most of the person in this situation feel like the person in the image above. This is where a framework can help you.
Framework to choose right analytics training:
I aim to provide a framework to you to decide:
- Which tool to learn?
- Which techniques to focus on?
- How to learn?
- Where to learn?
You can apply it at various stages of your analytics career to find out what should you be learning next.
Overview of the framework:
The answer to first 2 questions in this framework are in form of levels or steps. You start from level 0 and move one step at a time. So if you are a complete fresher start from Level 0 of tools and level 0 of techniques. But, if you are a fresher with statistics background, start with Level 1 of tools (assuming you know Excel) and Level 1 of techniques (move to level 2 if you know predictive modeling)
Once you have finalized the tools and techniques to learn, move on to step 3 and step 4 of the process.
Step 1: Which tool to learn?
Level 0: Excel.
If you don’t know excel, you should learn it first. You should be able to play with Pivot tables, do simple data manipulations and apply lookups in Excel.
Level 1: SAS / R / Python
This is going to be your work horse. You can choose any of these languages. For a more detailed comparison, have a look at this article.
Level 2: QlikView / Tableau / D3.js
You should add up your repository with one of the visualization tools.
Level 3: Big Data tools
This in itself can be multiple levels – start with Hadoop stack – HDFS, HBase, Pig, Hive, Spark
Level 4: NoSQL Databases
Again, you can read an overview of NoSQL databases here and start by learning the most popular one – MongoDB.
Exception 1: If you come from MIS / reporting background, you can start from learning visualization tools like QlikView and Tableau (Level 2) and then go to Level 1
Exception 2: If you come from software engineering / web development and know one of the 2 languages – Java or Python, you can start from Big Data tools as well (level 3)
Step 2: Which techniques should you be learning?
Now that you know, which tool would you want to learn, let us look at the techniques to learn. Again the structure is similar
Level 0: Basics of statistics – Descriptive and Inferential statistics
Level 1: Basic predictive modeling – ANOVA, Regression, Decision trees, Time Series
Level 2: All other remaining machine learning techniques except Neural nets
Level 3: Neural nets and deep learning
Step 3: How should you learn?
How should you learn is dependent on 2 factors:
- Resources you can spend on learning; and
- Your self learning motivation.
This image explains the selection:
On one extreme, you have option to join open courses – where you spend low (almost zero) resources, but need high self learning motivation. On the other hand, you have courses run by big universities like Stanford / MIT / North Western, where you will need to spend money and will get help and mentor-ship from experts over longer duration. You can choose the style of your learning depending on where you fit in.
Please note that irrespective of which method and blend you choose, you will need to aid these trainings by hands on projects and practice. No resources or trainings can cover that for you. Here are a few examples of these projects.
Step 4: Where to learn?
Now that you know, what to learn and how to learn, you can shortlist various options available. You should talk to people who have undergone that training / course and gather some reviews. You can also use our training listing page and apply filters to shortlist the trainings available for various tools and techniques. We have more than 300 trainings listed here and are in process of adding more trainings and courses.
So, there you go! You should have a way to find out your way through this data science course juggle. Hope you find this framework immensely useful. I have tried to put a framework to the most common query I get from our audience. The idea is to enable you to make the right decision to the extent possible. If you think, you are in a situation which doesn’t get addressed by the framework above, please feel free to ask those questions through comments / discussion portal.
P.S. These are my views. A lot of these recommendations are based on my experience and what I think is the right choice. As you can expect, some of these questions don’t have a right or wrong answer. They are subjective in nature. So, if you have a different opinion about something I have mentioned, please feel free to let me know.