Congratulations on choosing data science as your future career! It’s a great decision.
Data science is a thriving field with a remarkable number of job openings around the globe. The demand is outstripping the supply! That means there are more vacancies than qualified data science professionals.
So this journey you have taken to become a hands-on data science manager? You can already visualize why it’s the path to future success. There are a variety of problems you can solve, a whole host of tools you can master, and a broad range of techniques you can learn and then play around with.
The canvas is in front of you – now it’s your turn to pick up the data science brush and start painting your way to a successful data science transition. And the fact that you bring years of experience to the table is a huge bonus – if you know how to leverage that!
What can you expect in a data science manager role?
A hands-on data science role is little bit of programming, a little bit of statistics, a pinch of business domain knowledge and a whole lot of forming and understanding the problem statement
Data science may be the sexiest job of the 21st century but like all jobs, even this one requires hard work. A day-to-day hands-on role in data science requires working on the same problem for long hours performing continuous in-depth research. And when you are aiming for a mid-management role, you’ll need your experience to shine out.
A data science manager role requires you to be in continuous communication with the stakeholders as well as other teams. Om the soft skills side, you’d want to keep up on your communication skills, storytelling skills, and structured thinking ability. We’ll talk about these skills in a moment.
A typical data science project lifecycle looks like this:
- Converting the business problem into a data problem
- Hypothesis generation
- Data collection or extraction
- Data exploration and validating hypotheses
- Data modeling
- Model deployment
- Presenting your work to the final user/client/stakeholder
You would be involved from start to end as the leader of a data science team. While you would not be required to know the derivations of machine learning algorithms, you would be expected to understand how an algorithm works (more on that soon).
The role of a data scientist is really crucial to the whole organization and the economy as a whole. But the problem is – there is a shortage of “Skilled” data scientists globally. The AI and ML Blackbelt plus program aims to make you an industry-ready certified data science professional with 14+ courses, 39+ real-life projects, and 1:1 mentorship sessions so that you are never off-track.
What are the key skills required to excel in a data science manager role?
Data science is a multi-faceted role. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to learning data science. Having said that, there are a few core skills you will need to pick up to make a successful career transition to data science.
Since you bring a lot of experience to the table (as opposed to freshers transitioning into data science), your skillset would vary depending on your level, your domain and your previous experience.
Here are the key skills you would need:
- Programming Language
- Machine learning concepts
- Structured thinking
- Database knowledge
- Storytelling and communication
- Exposure to the end-to-end machine learning pipeline
How can you excel in each of these required skills?
Ah, the key question! Now that you know what you need to learn, the attention turns to how you can learn those skills. Let’s look at a few options and suggestions on how to pick up and hone the key skills we mentioned above.
Machine Learning has seen a great jump only because of the boost in computing power. Programming provides us a way to communicate with machines. Do you need to become the best in programming? Not at all. But you will definitely need to be comfortable with it.
As a data science manager, you’ll be leading a team of data scientists or analysts who will be constantly working with these programming languages. You need to be aware of what’s going on, how you can help them or direct them to the correct place, among other things.
First of all, choose the programming language of your choice. Python, R, or Julia are to name a few and each has its own set of Pros and Cons. Python is a general-purpose programming language having multiple data science libraries along with rapid prototyping whereas R is a language for statistical analysis and visualization. Julia offers the best of both worlds and is faster. If you are confused about which language to choose, we have compiled a resourceful article for you:
Python is the market leader right now and continues to be widely used in the industry. It’s a lot easier to perform machine learning tasks using Python, due to the availability of libraries and high support for deep learning.
Statistics is the grammar of data science.
When you start learning to write sentences, you must be familiar with grammar to build the right sentences similarly statistics is an essential concept before you can produce high-quality models. Machine Learning starts out as statistics and then advances. Even the concept of linear regression is an age-old statistical analysis concept.
The knowledge of the concept of descriptive statistics like mean, median, mode, variance, the standard deviation is a must. Then come the various probability distributions, sample and population, CLT, skewness and kurtosis, inferential statistics – hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and so on.
Statistics is a MUST concept to become a data science manager. You’ll need to quickly come up with feasibility analysis, statistical insights on the data, quick charts to see if there’s anything that stands out, etc. This is a key skill!
You can deep dive into some of these concepts with these clear articles and their examples:
- Statistics for Data Science: What is Normal Distribution?
- Statistics for Analytics and Data Science: Hypothesis Testing and Z-Test vs. T-Test –
- Statistics for Data Science: What is Skewness and Why is it Important?
Machine Learning Concepts
For a data scientist, machine learning is the core skill to have. For a data science manager, you need to at least be comfortable with the different techniques at play and how they work.
Machine learning is used to build predictive models. For example, you want to predict the number of customers you will have in the next month by looking at the past month’s data, you will need to use machine learning algorithms.
You can start with a simple linear and logistic regression model and then move ahead to advanced ensemble models like Random Forest, XGBoost, CatBoost, and so on. It’s a good thing to know the code for these algorithms (which just takes 2-3 lines) but what’s most important is to know how they work. This will help you in hyperparameter tuning and ultimately a model that gives a low error rate.
If you are looking for specialization, Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Computer Vision are two fields that are absolutely thriving right now. Each requires you to dive deep into those specific fields so make sure you’re aware of what you’re getting into.
Needless to say, having hands-on experience with these machine learning algorithms will add a lot of weightage to your transition. As a manager, you would be required to take ambiguous business problems and convert them to data or machine learning problems.
This is another absolutely KEY skill a data science manager should possess.
Structured thinking is a process of putting a framework to an unstructured problem. Having a structure not only helps you understand the problem at a macro level, but it also helps by identifying areas that require deeper understanding.
Without structure, a manager is like a tourist without a map. He/she might understand where he wants to go (or what he wants to solve), but he/she doesn’t know how to get there. He/she would not be able to judge which tools and vehicles he/she would need to reach the desired place.
How many times have you come across a situation when the entire work had to be re-done because a particular segment was not excluded from data? Or a segment was not included? Or just when you were about to finish the analysis, you come across a factor you did not think of before? All these are results of poorly structured thinking.
You need to be really good and quick with your thoughts and your problem solving skills. As a data science manager, you’ll often be sitting in client meetings where you would need to break down a requirement and perform back of the envelope calculations. Structured thinking will help you ace these meetings.
Storytelling and Communication
Data Science projects are more of a treasure hunting job, the treasure being the insights you fetch from the data. The question is what is the price of the treasure? Well, that is decided by your stakeholders. The only way to get a good price is to be able to communicate how insightful the results and how can this treasure help them in improving the profits and organization.
This is where your storytelling and communication skills will come in.
Your years of experience will be quite handy here. Your audience, who will quite often be non-technical people, will look to you for solutions. You would need to weave your storytelling skills with your data science knowledge to break down complex data science terms into easy-to-understand results.
There are broadly two methods for communicating your team’s work:
- Dashboarding: A lot of data science transitioners ignore the dashboarding aspect because they focus on model building. But being able to communicate your thoughts and your key results to the stakeholder – that’s what separates a good data science professional from an amateur one. Spending time on understanding what dashboarding is and how it works will give you a huge advantage.
- Presentations: This might seem obvious but remember that you’ll be spending a lot of your time on making and delivering presentations. Again, try to work on this aspect to ensure you are coming across as a well respected data science manager
Exposure to the End-to-End Machine Learning Pipeline
We saw the typical machine learning pipeline before (recall the 7 steps). As a data science manager, you would be intimately involved at each step – leading the way for your team.
You would be seen as a person the team will come to for advice and brainstorming so make sure you are well versed with how each step in the lifecycle works. Having exposure to this end-to-end pipeline will stand you in great stead for making the transition.
The AI and ML Blackbelt plus program not only covers all the hard skills like Python, machine learning, statistics but also other essential soft skills like structured thinking and storytelling skills. Not just that you also get a job guarantee!
Apply your newly learned skills to your current job role
Whatever we have covered so far has a lot to do with understanding different data science concepts. We’ve covered both the technical side (programming, machine learning, statistics, etc.) and the soft skills aspect (structured thinking and storytelling).
So, what’s the next step for you in your transition journey?
It’s time to apply your knowledge in a practical scenario! Yes, you need to marry your theoretical knowledge with hands-on practical experience to truly stand out as a data science transitioner. Given your background and your experience level, the best (and easiest) way to do this is to apply your learnings in your current data-based role.
There are broadly three ways you can do this.
Add statistical insights to your reports
Don’t just limit yourself to generating insights based on visual interpretations. Take a look at the image below – what’s your first reaction?
I can say that the average business sourced, post the contest, is higher as compared to before. Now, the question is whether “contest is the factor behind the boost in average business sourced or is it just a random increase?”. Here, we need to rely on certain statistics concepts to support our insights, like doing a z-test/t-test or other statistical tests. Having a good knowledge of statistics will help you in these situations.
You should have a solid understanding of the below statistics topics if you want to land a data science role:
- Descriptive Statistics
- Mean, Median, Mode
- Variance and Standard Deviation
- Bernoulli Trials & Probability Mass Function
- Central Limit Theorem
- Normal Distribution
- Inferential Statistics
- Confidence Interval
- Hypothesis Testing
- C0-variance/ Correlation
And here is a list of useful resources to help you get started with these topics:
- Blog on inferential stats: Comprehensive & Practical Inferential Statistics Guide for data science
- A detailed guide for hypothesis testing: Your Guide to Master Hypothesis Testing in Statistics
- Comprehensive and easy-to-understand tutorial on ANOVA: A Simple introduction to ANOVA
Present your findings to a group
Performing detective and statistical analysis will not help you land a data science role if you don’t share your findings with the right group.
Presenting stories is one of the key skills a data science professional must possess.
Here, I strongly recommend practicing this storytelling skill in your current role as well. You can start with the following:
- Always share detailed insights along with the report or your analysis
- Share your insights and start presenting your story through presentation slides
Here’s an essential recommendation that has personally helped us in our careers – add visualization(s) to your slide(s). The words you write in the presentation (or speak during a meeting) should add context to your visualizations.
Look for data science or data engineering projects within your organization
After building your model, you should share the results with your supervisor or the people who make decisions (like the leadership team). As a data science manager, it is very critical to share your findings (like which feature(s) is making an impact on the target variable). You should also communicate regular updates around the comparison between your team’s model result and the actual numbers.
This process will also help you to tune and improve your team’s model. If the model is performing well, then there is a high chance you will get another assignment or get involved with the core data science team. That’s what we are aiming for, right?
You can also look at data engineering projects to lead. Once you are familiar with concepts like model deployment, the end-to-end machine learning pipeline, etc., you will stand a better chance of leading such a project. Keep your options open!
If you would rather look for a role outside your current organization, then what are some of the things you can do?
- Participate in hackathons: This is perhaps the most popular option to gain practical knowledge. Data science competitions and hackathons are awesome! You’ll love the variety of business problems we get to solve and when we add in the pressure of finding a solution under a tight deadline – it’s a great learning experience. Data Science hackathons area great way to:
- Test your data science knowledge
- Compete against top data science experts from around the world and gauge where you stand
- Get hands-on practice of a data science problem working in a deadline environment
- Improve your existing data science skillset
- Enhance your existing data science resume
- Pick up open source data science projects: One key thing that has helped transitioners immensely is picking an open-source data science project and running with it. This not only helps you understand the key areas you need to improve on but also shows you the way forward. And these projects aren’t your run-of-the-mill data science projects. These are specific projects that tackle a certain data science sub-field, such as computer vision, web analytics, and so on. The project could be a dataset, a state-of-the-art library that has brought the data science field forward, or even an open-source analytics tool. So, pick a project that intrigues you and start working on it today!
Data Science projects are a must if you want to make a mark in your career. The AI and ML Blackbelt plus program offers massive 39+ projects that will make sure you get exposure to a variety of projects. Are you ready for all types of tasks that will come ahead in your journey?
Stay up to date with current developments in the domain
This is another essential aspect of working in data science. We’ve seen the majority of transitioners skip this step and focus exclusively on picking up machine learning concepts – don’t do that!
Data science is still a very nascent field. We see major breakthroughs happening on a regular basis (sometimes a weekly basis!) and it can become difficult to keep up with all that’s happening. But if you can find time to catch up on the latest developments, you’ll already have an edge on your competition.
Let us give you an example. The Natural Language Processing (NLP) field has come a long way in the last 3 years (since 2017). We see a new language model seemingly every week that builds on the last major breakthrough. If you can keep up with this pace, if you can spend a bit of time understanding what’s going on, you’ll gain invaluable knowledge that your peers won’t have.
So what are the different ways in which you can stay up to date in the vast space of data science? Here are three suggestions based on our experience:
- Follow Newsletters and blogs: This is the easiest way to stay abreast of developments. There are plenty of good newsletters out there (just do a quick Google search) that will send you weekly updates. You can also subscribe to blogs like Analytics Vidhya to check out the latest tools and techniques in data science.
- Follow People: Another no-brainer! The data science community is a great place to connect with fellow transitioners, experts, and industry veterans. You’ll be surprised how approachable these experts are and they’re always willing to share their knowledge and advice. Find these people on platforms like LinkedIn and keep following them regularly.
- Attend MeetUps: This one requires a bit of effort but the eventual payout can be HUGE. Meetups offer you an unparalleled opportunity to meet your fellow transitioners and connect with them, learn from them, and build a rapport that might benefit both parties. Over time, once you are comfortable with core machine learning concepts, you can even try and speak at these meetups to build your profile
The big salary question – what can you expect from this transition?
Making a career switch to data science for getting a salary bump is entirely justified. However, it isn’t as straightforward as you might think. There are certain things, such as work experience and your current domain, that will play a MASSIVE role in deciding your salary post-transition.
The higher you climb in the professional ladder, the more compensation you’ll expect. But coming from a non-data science field will definitely have an impact on your expectations.
We highly recommend looking for a data science manager position in your current organization itself. This gives you a great opportunity to learn the ins and outs of the function without having to look for external roles. You can still stay under the organization’s compensation structure.
If this is not possible, then try to at least stay in the same domain. This gives you the advantage of knowing WHERE to apply data science. Because of the varying levels of experience, people will bring to a data science manager role, it’s difficult to establish a benchmark for the salary range. But it is still a well-compensated field for the most part. 🙂
Taking figures from the popular and relatively accurate website called Glassdoor, this is what the salary situation looks like for a data science manager:
What are the challenges to get the “Sexiest Job of the 21st Century”?
There has never been a better time to become a data scientist. Data Science is a booming industry but it also comes with its own set of challenges. Keeping in mind that you come from a data background, it should help you overcome the majority of challenges, however, we’ll list a few that need your special attention. If you have reached here, we know you can work out through obstacles. Let’s take them up one by one –
- Hard to find the job – At the mid-management level, it becomes crucial not just to find the company offering great compensation but which has a supportive environment where data science is embraced and data-based decisions are at the core. To get all the requirements in one organization, you will need to work hard in job-hunting.
- Finding projects within your organization – As discussed above, a supportive organization will help you grow and magnify your perspective along with providing a new experience. Finding a data science project within your own organization will help you gain much-needed learning without job-hunting.
- Knowledge of Data Engineering projects is also important – Data science is relatively a new and emerging field but data engineering is still in its nascent stage and organizations are in constant effort in formalizing this job role. Both are equally important. Therefore you might find it a little hard to find the right resources to study data engineering. However, you can get past this by studying data engineering from analyticsvidhya.com/blog.
- Working on Quant Skills – The basis of data science is derived through its quantitative nature. An absence of a quantitative degree may create a challenge in understanding the basics of this field. Therefore, you may need to spend a chunk of your time working on your quant skills at the beginning of your journey to create a strong foundation.
- Structured Thinking – Ah, the most crucial skill yet the most overlooked one. Structured Thinking as discussed above is the art of breaking down the large unstructured problems into smaller and manageable problems. A data science project is valid as long as the problem statement is correct, otherwise, the whole project goes down the drain. Being a data science professional, you must ensure that you are working on the right problem statement.
Afraid of all the challenges that are supposed to come in your way? Well not anymore, how about an expert mentor that will provide you with a personalized learning path that is in sync with your goals and keeps track of your progress? It is possible with the AI and ML Blackbelt plus program which comes along with 75+ mentorship sessions.
Now that you are aware of the various components you’ll need to put together to make this career transition, are you prepared to buckle up and take this thrilling journey? The payoff is immense but as you might have gathered, you’ll face plenty of obstacles along the way. Your eventual success will come down to how well you can get past these hurdles.