# What are COUNT and COUNTA in Excel?

mounish12439 02 Aug, 2024
3 min read

## Introduction

Accurate data counting and analysis are vital in Excel, particularly for large datasets. Excel provides several functions for this purpose, with COUNT and COUNTA being key tools for cell tallying under various conditions. While both functions count cells, they are designed for different data types. Let’s look at the specifics of COUNT and COUNTA, highlighting their unique features and distinctions, and learn to apply them in data analysis.

#### Overview

• Understand the difference between COUNT and COUNTA functions.
• Use these functions in your Excel worksheets.
• Apply these functions to count cells based on specific criteria.

## COUNT and COUNTA

In Excel, the functions COUNT and COUNTA are essential for data organization and analysis. Each serves a unique role in counting cells under different conditions. Although they both tally cell contents, they cater to different data types and use cases.

• COUNT Function: This function is tailored for counting cells containing numeric values. It counts integers and decimals while disregarding empty cells containing text or holding boolean values (TRUE/FALSE).
• COUNTA Function: Conversely, COUNTA counts all non-empty cells in a range, regardless of their content type. This includes numbers, text, dates, and boolean values. It’s useful to count entries in a dataset with varied content types.

## COUNT in Excel

The COUNT function finds and counts the number of numbers (integers and decimal numbers) in a range of cells. It ignores blank cells, logical values (TRUE/FALSE), and text.

Syntax

``````COUNT(value1, value2, ...)
Value1, value2, ... - One or more values or ranges that you want to count. Up to 255 values can be listed.``````

Example

Suppose you have the following data in cells B1 to B6:

As you can see after using the formula =COUNT(B1:B6), the result is 3 (it only counts the numbers 1, 3, and 5)

## COUNTA in Excel

COUNTA function counts the number of non-blank cells in a range, including numbers, text, and logical values (TRUE/FALSE). It does not count empty cells.

Syntax

``````COUNTA(value1, value2, ...)
Value1, value2, ... - One or more values or ranges that you want to count. Up to 255 values can be listed.``````

Example

Example:

Using the same data as above, the formula =COUNTA(B1:B7) will return ‘5’, as it counts all non-blank cells, including the string “Hello” in cell B5.

Also Read: Microsoft Excel for Data Analysis

## Conclusion

COUNT and COUNTA are valuable tools in Excel for counting cells based on specific criteria, providing clarity and precision in data analysis. By understanding the distinct purposes of these functions—COUNT for numerical cells and COUNTA for all non-blank cells—you can accurately determine which function to apply in various scenarios. This knowledge ensures that you can handle data counting tasks effectively, enhancing the reliability of your Excel worksheets.

## Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Is it possible to count cells across multiple columns with COUNT or COUNTA?

Ans. No, COUNT and COUNTA are limited to counting cells within a single column or row. To include multiple columns or rows, use the COUNTIF function or construct an array for counting.

Q2. Can wildcards be used with COUNT or COUNTA?

Ans. No, COUNT and COUNTA do not recognize wildcards. For wildcard-based counting, you should use the COUNTIF function instead.

Q3: Why are some of my numbers not being counted by COUNT?

Ans. COUNT only considers numeric values, such as integers and decimals. Cells with text, logical values (TRUE/FALSE), or blanks are excluded from the count.

mounish12439 02 Aug, 2024

I'm a tech enthusiast, graduated from Vellore Institute of Technology. I'm working as a Data Science Trainee right now. I am very much interested in Deep Learning and Generative AI.