Divyansh Sharma — Published On September 25, 2022 and Last Modified On October 12th, 2022
Beginner Cloud Computing

This article was published as a part of the Data Science Blogathon.

Introduction

Quantum computing is poised for prominence due to the exponential increase in computing capacity. Complex problems are challenging for traditional computers to solve but simple for quantum computers, making them the perfect tool for this task. A wealth of opportunities are opened up by such a development in nearly every facet of contemporary life. Google recently grabbed attention by announcing that it has achieved quantum supremacy, wherein its computers can carry out tasks that a traditional computer cannot. IBM is also making noise about its lightning-fast supercomputers. This article will discuss some of the most popular quantum computing uses in the real world.

Quantum computing: Definition, facts & uses | Live Science

Applications of Quantum Computing

1) Computational Chemistry: According to IBM, one of the most exciting quantum computing uses will be computational chemistry. It is believed that even the smallest molecules have a huge number of quantum states, making it challenging for traditional computational memory to store all of them. For the machine to correctly map the molecules, quantum computers may need to be able to concentrate on the existence of both 1 and 0 simultaneously. This might give rise to new chances for pharmaceutical research. Developing a room-temperature superconductor, eliminating carbon dioxide for a better environment, making solid-state batteries, and enhancing the nitrogen-fixation process for the production of ammonia-based fertilizer are some pressing issues that could be resolved with quantum computing.

2. Design and Development of Drugs: The challenging problem in quantum computing is creating and producing a medication. Drugs are typically developed through the trial-and-error process, which is costly, dangerous, and difficult to complete. Researchers think quantum computing might help drug companies understand medications and how they affect people, saving them a tonne of money and effort. By enabling businesses to conduct more drug discoveries and discover novel medical treatments for the benefit of the pharmaceutical sector, these technological advancements can significantly increase efficiency.

3) Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning: Since developing technologies have permeated practically every element of human life, artificial intelligence and machine learning are currently some of the major fields. Voice, image, and handwriting recognition are some of the common applications we encounter every day. However, as the number of applications rose, it became difficult for conventional computers to match the precision and speed. And that’s where quantum computing comes in to help solve complicated issues quickly that would have taken conventional computers thousands of years to solve.

4) Cybersecurity & Cryptography: The current state of online security is rather precarious because of the daily rise in the number of cyberattacks that take place all around the world. Although organizations are setting up the necessary security architecture, traditional digital computers find the procedure overwhelming and unworkable. Therefore, cybersecurity has remained a crucial worry for people worldwide. We are vulnerable to these risks because of our increasing reliance on technology. Machine learning and quantum computing can aid in developing numerous strategies to counter these cybersecurity risks. Quantum cryptography, also known as encryption, can also be developed with the aid of quantum computing.

5) Financial Modeling: A financial industry must determine the ideal criteria for profitable investments based on expected returns, the risk involved, and other market conditions. Monte Carlo simulations, a method used to accomplish this, are continuously run on standard computers, requiring a significant amount of computing time. However, by using quantum technology to carry out these massive and complex calculations, companies can not only enhance the quality of the solutions but also cut down on time to develop them. Financial leaders work with billions of dollars, so even a small increase in the expected return can be quite valuable. Another potential application is algorithmic trading, which employs sophisticated algorithms to initiate share deals while analyzing market conditions automatically. This is advantageous, especially for high-volume transactions.

6) Logistics Optimization: Indeed, more accurate data analysis and reliable modeling will enable various sectors to optimize the scheduling and logistical processes involved in their supply chain management. The operating models require continuously calculating and recalculating optimal routes for traffic management, air traffic control, fleet operations, freight, and distribution, which could severely impact applications. Usually, these jobs are completed using conventional computing; however, some might become more difficult for an ideal computing solution, whereas a quantum technique might be able to do it. The use of quantum annealing, a sophisticated optimization approach, is expected to outperform that of conventional computers. Universal quantum computers, which are currently not commercially available, can address all computational problems; contrast this.

7) Weather Forecasting: Currently, typical computers’ analysis of weather patterns can occasionally take longer than the weather itself to alter. However, a quantum computer’s capacity to quickly process enormous amounts of data could improve weather system modeling, enabling researchers to quickly and accurately predict shifting weather patterns. This capability is crucial when the globe is experiencing climate change. Accurate weather forecasting is a challenging task considering many factors, including temperature, air pressure, and air density. The use of quantum machine learning can aid in enhancing pattern identification, making it simpler for scientists to predict extreme weather events and possibly saving thousands of lives annually. Meteorologists can create and analyze more intricate climate models with quantum computers, giving them a better understanding of climate change and how to slow it down.

Conclusion

So in this article, we discovered how quantum computing fundamentally changes various landscapes. The following are the key takeaways to remember from this article:

  • Quantum Computing can help in the area of computational chemistry. It can aid in developing a room-temperature superconductor, eliminating carbon dioxide for a better environment, making solid-state batteries, enhancing the nitrogen-fixation process, etc.
  • Quantum computing might help drug companies understand medications and how they affect people, saving them a tonne of money and effort.
  • Quantum computing can help solve complicated issues quickly that would have taken conventional computers thousands of years to solve.
  • Machine learning and quantum computing can aid in developing numerous strategies to counter cybersecurity risks.
  • Quantum computing can aid in applications like algorithmic trading, which employs sophisticated algorithms to initiate share deals while analyzing market conditions automatically.
  • The operating models require continuously calculating and recalculating optimal routes for traffic management, air traffic control, fleet operations, freight, and distribution, which could severely impact applications – with the help of quantum computing, these logistics operations can be optimized.
  • The use of quantum machine learning can aid in enhancing weather pattern identification, making it simpler for scientists to predict extreme weather events and possibly saving thousands of lives annually.

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