Analytics Vidhya — October 19, 2015
Beginner Big data Business Analytics Career Infographics Job Roles

Introduction

Data Science is one of the flourishing industry. Countries and companies around the world are continuously experiencing a rush in the amount of data collected. They are determined to hire experts who can work on their data and improve their lives.

Such experts are known by many names. Most popular being, ‘Data Scientist’. Among others include Data Engineers, Data Architects, Statisticians etc. But, how many of us are clear about the difference in these roles and designations?

As I’ve experienced, people are confused between a Data Scientist, Data Engineer and Statistics. Some end up concluding, all these people do the same job, its just their names are different. I got astonished at hearing such answers. With these thoughts in mind, I decided to create a simple infographic to help you understand the job roles of a Data Scientist vs Data Engineer vs Statistician. This will help you to decide the best job role for you in coming future.

infographic, data science jobs

If you have more questions about various designations and their roles, you can always post them in our discussion portals.

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64 thoughts on "Job Comparison – Data Scientist vs Data Engineer vs Statistician"

Vini
Vini says: October 20, 2015 at 4:51 am
Very good article! I fall more into the "data engineer' category, but it is very important to know about the other categories as they are related. Reply
Suresh Kamal
Suresh Kamal says: October 20, 2015 at 4:52 am
Excellent Article Manish! glad you shared this. Thank you. Reply
deepak
deepak says: October 20, 2015 at 5:34 am
Hi manish, Good article. Just curious to know, apart from above, is MIS (excel-access data preparators/reporters) field diminishing. What is the future of MIS? thanks Reply
deepak
deepak says: October 20, 2015 at 5:44 am
Hi manish, Good article. Just a bit curious to know, where the traditional MIS role is heading, what's its future? Reply
Praveen Kumar
Praveen Kumar says: October 20, 2015 at 5:45 am
Excellent differentiation Manish! Reply
hemanth varma
hemanth varma says: October 20, 2015 at 6:12 am
Awesome :) :) :) Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 6:44 am
Thanks Hemant ! Reply
Craig
Craig says: October 20, 2015 at 6:48 am
Wow, wonderful weblog format! How lengthy have you been running a blog for? you made blogging look easy. The whole glance of your site is excellent, as well as the content! Reply
swapnil
swapnil says: October 20, 2015 at 7:13 am
Thank you manish its a good article, but can you please explain the difference between Data scientist and Data analyst?? I tried hard but still havent got it. please explain if you can Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 7:58 am
Full Credits to my team then. Thanks Suresh ! Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 8:04 am
Hi Deepak, In simple words, MIS profile is like an All-Rounder in cricket. MIS Executive broadly does two things:Data Handling (at lowers scale) and Data Analysis. Future of MIS Executive depends on which path he/she chooses from the two defined above. If he/she chooses data analysis, then there is incredible world of data science and machine learning ahead. If one chooses Data Handling, then is bright future ahead in gigantic world of Big Data Analytics. Both ways, the future is promising and safe. Regards Manish Reply
Anupam Basu
Anupam Basu says: October 20, 2015 at 8:12 am
Excellent article. Honestly I was confused too. I have had several companies call me for job offers & some of the senior people from these companies (not referring to HR but people who run the analytics show) say they want a Data Scientist & the main job will be working on Hadoop. I used to wonder what do they actually want & where do I fit in until I read this article. A lot of companies actually look for Data Engineers in the name of Data Scientists. Thanks guys for posting! Reply
Deyan
Deyan says: October 20, 2015 at 8:20 am
Wow... this is really excellent and very informative! Thank you for that, Manish!!! Reply
Vickram
Vickram says: October 20, 2015 at 8:36 am
Hi Friends, I need your advice. I want to learn and work on Data Science, I have a Bachelors degree in Biochemistry and have 5+ years of exp in Web design/web support. So, now that I want to learn and work on new technologies, I am confused where to start with. So please help me with your valuable suggestions. Thanks, Vickram Reply
Marcio Zancheta
Marcio Zancheta says: October 20, 2015 at 8:48 am
Great article Saraswat. Congratulations. Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:01 am
Thanks Craig for the encouragement! Appreciated. We started almost 2 years back.. And since then our incessant efforts to help people learn data science and analytics have allowed us to discover easier ways of explaining difficult concepts. Do let me know if there is any way we can further improve. Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:03 am
Thanks Deyan! Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:07 am
Thanks Marcio. Kudos to my team! I'll convey your message. Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:10 am
Thanks Praveen :) Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:19 am
Hello Vickram Didn't you check this guide? I'm sure you'll find answers for all your question. http://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2015/09/damn-good-hiring-path-hired-data-scientist/ Incase, if you still wish to receive advice from experienced data scientists, you can connect with them here: http://discuss.analyticsvidhya.com Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:20 am
Thanks Anupam. I'm glad you've found it useful ! Let me know if there is any feedback for us. Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:33 am
Thanks Vini! Finally we have got a 'Data Engineer' here. Tell me one best thing you find about working as a Data Engineer? Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 20, 2015 at 9:42 am
Hi Swapnil Your's is one of the most commonly asked question on Internet. Looks like I found your question already answered by Kunal in simple terms : http://discuss.analyticsvidhya.com/t/career-growth-of-a-business-analyst-and-data-scientist/104/6 Reply
Chuck
Chuck says: October 20, 2015 at 5:41 pm
Another fantastic article with graphics to bring meaning to it all. I was wondering if you would be willing to make another article comparing data science with actuarial science? Reply
Sai Venkatesh
Sai Venkatesh says: October 20, 2015 at 7:26 pm
Excellent Article and excellent information and excellent way of presenting. Hope to see more such useful information from you. Sai Reply
Johnny
Johnny says: October 20, 2015 at 11:26 pm
Nice work! Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 21, 2015 at 2:32 am
Thanks Johnny Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 21, 2015 at 2:33 am
Sure. Suggest us some topic, if you have any! Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 21, 2015 at 2:34 am
Thanks Chuck! Your suggestion sounds great! Let me write it in my to-do list. Reply
Swapnil Gaikwad
Swapnil Gaikwad says: October 21, 2015 at 7:13 am
Hi manish, thank you for your reply. I have another question for you. I have completed MTECH in Modeling and Simulation at University of Pune. During MTECH, I have studied some of the machine learning algorithms, Genetic algorithms, statistical models and methods, probability theory and implemented all these things in R. I am actively searching for a job as a data scientist but a I havent got yet. Now please help me to chose one of the following options: 1.continue studying and practicing ML and algorithms in R and python and keep searching for job or 2.preparing for the CDAC entrance which is on 6th dec to get admission to diploma in Bigdata and analytics ,to enter the field of data analytics and it will also provide me a placement platform but here I have to invest 92000 and 8 months . please suggest me a suitable option.One thing is fixed that I want to be a data scientist. Reply
Thirumal kumar
Thirumal kumar says: October 21, 2015 at 9:48 am
Hi Manish, Once again, a job well done !!! Many miss out due to a major aspect "lack of clarity"...!! Such works will help many. Manish, on a personal note I need an insight. Iam a former finance professional with my Las stint being at HP ltd as team leader for p2p & o2c operations. Then, I have been a businessman handling my restaurant. Now, I have handed over the business to my younger brother and want to pursue my professional career. Its been a gap of 7years. Now, I have chosen the field of data analytics. Kindly don't be perplexed :):). Iam aware that its going to be a mountain to climb. I have a sheer passion towards this work. My question to you is, though I know its going to be tough to reach where I intend to.....I want to know the odds that stand against me from your perspective. And a path that would help me to accomplish my goal. Thank you!!! Reply
João Pedro Silva
João Pedro Silva says: October 21, 2015 at 12:04 pm
It seems thatthe data scientist and the statistician can both do each others jobs. BTW Statisticians also learn a lot of the stuff quoted in the data science Reply
subodh
subodh says: October 21, 2015 at 2:47 pm
it was really helpful thanx alot manish! helped to have basic & clear idea data engg. Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 22, 2015 at 3:05 pm
Hey Swapnil Usually, the trajectory to become a data scientist begins with MIS Executive or Data Analyst or getting hired directly from a reputed college with a suitable degree. The career paths which you've suggested will lead you to your desired aim, however, the time to achieve your aim may vary.. Since, I am unaware of your personal situation, I can't vouch on any side. However, If I were at your place, I would have surely not opted for CDAC (why to start from scratch). With all the knowledge which I gained during my MTECH, I would have competed in Kaggle competition, delivered my best result and then would have applied for a job. As per my experience, companies these days prefer to evaluate a candidate on their knowledge, more than their college or school ! Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 22, 2015 at 3:08 pm
Hi Thirumal You just inspired me. Thanks. Definitely it is going to be tough, but who want's to do an easy job! Do you? I prefer challenge. Coming to your answer, you should read this: http://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2014/05/planning-late-career-shift-analytics-big-data-prepared/ Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 22, 2015 at 3:14 pm
Hi Silva Rightly said! I'd say data scientist adopts 'some' of the statistical measures for model building. Data Scientist is more technically advanced since s(he) prefers to work with latest technologies, unlike Statistician. Reply
Elydenis
Elydenis says: October 23, 2015 at 2:04 am
Good article Manish. It's the first time that I see the name "Data Engineer" thanks a lot for the comparisons. Reply
Ashutosh
Ashutosh says: October 23, 2015 at 3:38 am
I am unable to see the book name in statistician section please reply the name of book... Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 23, 2015 at 4:07 am
Hi Ashu Didn't you click on infographic and zoom it? Anyways, Book names in statisticians sections are : 1. Elements of Statistical Learning 2 The Visual Display of Quantitative Information 3 The Signal and the Noise 4 Exploratory Data Analysis Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 23, 2015 at 4:10 am
Glad it helped. Welcome :) Reply
Lakshmi
Lakshmi says: October 23, 2015 at 10:13 am
Great article, Manish! Very informative and comprehensive. Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 23, 2015 at 10:25 am
Thanks Lakshmi. Kudos to my team. Reply
Siddarth
Siddarth says: October 27, 2015 at 10:07 am
I have just completed my BE in Chemical Engineering, and am currently interning at an Analytics company. But the projects that I have been working with do not involve any analytics work. To be clear, I want to work as a Data Scientist. I was attracted to this field because it involves logic, quants and problem solving. So what should be my future course according to you? Reply
Analytics Vidhya Content Team
Analytics Vidhya Content Team says: October 28, 2015 at 4:31 am
Siddarth, All I would say is, 'The ball is still in your court.' Here is the complete answer to your questions: http://www.analyticsvidhya.com/blog/2014/09/how-data-scientist-business-analyst/ After reading it, you'll surely be able to choose the best data scientist path. All the Best! Reply
Vini
Vini says: October 30, 2015 at 7:40 am
What I enjoy as a Data Engineer is when you let the "data" in its rawest form become information. Pretty much you let data help you with decisions, not the other way around. I also enjoy to work on data-driven projects from start to finish. Thanks Reply
Microcrowns
Microcrowns says: November 06, 2015 at 4:10 pm
Regarding the term of Data Scientist/PM. What does the PM stand for? Reply
ARINJAY
ARINJAY says: November 09, 2015 at 1:47 pm
Great and informative article ! Thanks for update to you, Manish and your Team ! Reply
Indranil Roy
Indranil Roy says: November 21, 2015 at 8:15 am
Excellent article !!!.I am currently working as a data engineer in a MNC.I would like to know 1)What are the prospects of a data engineer?2)What are the courses and certifications I can pursue to excel in this field? 3)I have a Btech in CSE from an average institution.Could I land a job at any top tier Product company in their data engineering team without MS or Mtech from any top tier university? 4)Are there any part time part time masters/courses in any good institute that will give an edge to my profile? Thanks a lot for sharing this article.Waiting for your reply.. Reply
Indranil
Indranil says: November 21, 2015 at 12:27 pm
Excellent article !!!.I am currently working as a data engineer in a MNC.I would like to know 1)What are the prospects of a data engineer?2)What are the courses and certifications I can pursue to excel in this field? 3)I have a Btech in CSE from an average institution.Could I land a job at any top tier Product company in their data engineering team without MS or Mtech from any top tier university? 4)Are there any part time part time masters/courses in any good institute that will give an edge to my profile? Thanks a lot for sharing this article.Waiting for your reply. Reply
Ashwanth
Ashwanth says: December 17, 2015 at 6:03 am
Hi Manish Saraswat, I am fresh graduate. I am currently working as a Data Scientist in a company where I am getting very less chances to work on projects. Now, I got another opportunity as a Data Engineer, in a product based company, which usually have lot of work and learning curve is pretty good. Now, my question is, if I join in new organisation, what are my chances to become a data scientist with experience over the period. I am in dilemma to make a wise choice. Please suggest your opinion. Reply
Ankita
Ankita says: December 31, 2015 at 2:16 pm
A very well explained and visualised differences... but just one more querry.. What is the difference between a Data Analytic nd a Business Analytic? Reply
Parul
Parul says: January 28, 2016 at 5:38 am
Hi Guys, I am bit stuck in the next career move. Initially I was doing work on data transformation in Excel and then I got MIS work (only reporting) which I didn't like. I left the organization and now I have been working on cloud computing from last 6 months. But I have heard that cloud computing is not a good career move for girls as it requires working in shifts (night shifts) which I don't want. So I am totally confused what to do next- Should I step forward in cloud computing or Should I change my domain to data science. I am working on a contract job which will be completed very soon so I have to prepare accordingly. In your article, I like being a Data Engineer. Please suggest guys. Reply
NITIN SIROHI
NITIN SIROHI says: February 29, 2016 at 2:11 pm
thanks manish sir good article and sir I want to became a data scientist can you give me any suggesstion. Reply
Parag Kulkarni
Parag Kulkarni says: March 12, 2016 at 8:00 am
Hi, It's sad to know that statistical skill sets are paid less than that of data engineer. This means that theoretical knowledge is of no use. Knowing software is sufficient to get high salary in job market (Is there any perception among today's job hunters that statistics skill sets can be gained through MOOC?). Are job markets only feeding Engineers? Post graduates in statistics are out of the job market as per above article if they are only buried in books. Kindly correct me if I am wrong. Reply
Sanket C
Sanket C says: April 08, 2016 at 7:21 am
Nice article and visualization Manish! It helped me to get insights of what do we mean by Data science and different roles in it. However I have some confusion over Management Information System and Data Science, are these two related somehow ? I can guess MIS is related to management stuff while Data Science deals with technicalities to make business decisions.I have offer of admission for Masters in MIS + MBA from University of Nevada, Las Vegas and Masters in Data Science from Indiana University Bloomington. I am totally confused to choose between two as I am totally unaware of job opportunities in these two fields. Could you please help me sorting this out ? Reply
João Pedro
João Pedro says: May 11, 2016 at 3:30 am
Hello, I'm studying statistics in my university, I would like to know what those symbols in the data scientist tool box stand for. I recognize a couple of them, like R, Python and SPSS, but not all. Could you or someone list them for me, please? Reply
Nitesh Verma
Nitesh Verma says: May 13, 2016 at 1:21 pm
That's an excellent article. The infographic gives a clear picture on who does what. Specially the tools, skills, must reads and career path demarcation is an excellent information compiled into one. There is a lot of demand for all these 3 jobs in data science and everyone working together in very close collaboration. Reply
inches- shoe
inches- shoe says: June 04, 2016 at 8:51 am
I blog quite often and I seriously appreciate your information. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I'm going to book mark your website and keep checking for new information about once a week. I subscribed to your Feed too. Reply
Rohit K. Sawai
Rohit K. Sawai says: June 05, 2016 at 9:39 am
Very useful article. I have a query. I'm a fresher then how can I get one among these jobs? Is there any possibility of getting job in these fields for fresher? I think company expects experienced person. Reply
A H
A H says: June 14, 2016 at 7:42 pm
This is the best article on the internet so far. You are the only person explaining the difference between each role. Everyone on the internet just say horrible things about each other like this is a children's playground. Thank you for taking the time to make this article. I hope more people read this instead of hating on each other. There is a lot of overlap between Statisticians and Data Scientist. I feel like data scientist is just a new name for computational statistics. I have seen any articles stating that Data Scientist test assumptions. Do you know if it is done in real life? How do they know the pattern is correct? Isn't the point of all this to try to get the best model that can understand and possibly predict the outcome? Reply
Sourav Saha
Sourav Saha says: July 15, 2016 at 6:14 am
Data engineering was the correct one but still it didnt justified the difference between data scientist and statisticians since most of the machine learning tools require statistical knowledge ! The only main difference between data scientist n statistician is that the data scientists have more programming knowledge than statisticians where datascientists use their statistical skills by constructing algorithms for model building ! Reply
arnaud
arnaud says: July 15, 2016 at 6:18 am
Seems like I'm more a Data Scientist hopefully !!!! Reply
nirmal.singhania@st.niituniversity.in
[email protected] says: September 11, 2016 at 2:09 pm
I think Elements of Statistical Learning is very well rated Machine Learning Text and should be on the read list of Data scientist. I am a Data Science student and participated in some Kaggle competitions. Most of the experts suggest that book , if you want deep understanding of various machine learning algorithms. and Not to mention,ML is very essential skill for a Data Scientist. Reply
S@gunR@ghav
[email protected]@ghav says: October 13, 2017 at 12:01 pm
People will get very much clarity post reading of this article. Well done guys, keep up the momentum of good work. Reply

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